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Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives logo

Guide to the Estela and Ernesto Bravo Film and Video Collection TAM.616

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Jan Hilley, with the assistance of Heather Mulliner

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on December 21, 2018
English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Edited by Heather Mulliner to include item-level description of 225 videos  , December 2018

Container List

Series XXIII: Returning to Chile, 1984-1986

Historical/Biographical Note

In the 1970s several thousand Chilean citizens fled their country to escape the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. Most of the exiles were either supporters of former president Salvador Allende or activists on the political left who feared abuse under the new government. Exiles were barred from returning for many years, but by 1984 the Chilean government agreed to grant most of the exiles permission to return home. This opening was spurred by international pressure and a domestic campaign to abolish restrictions on exiles.

Returning to Chile, which documents the return of Chilean political exiles, won a 1986 Silver Toucan Award at the Rio de Janiero International Film Festival.

Scope and Content Note

Estela Bravo's 1986 documentary Returning to Chile tells the story of Chileans exiles who returned to the country in the mid-1980s. This documentary explores the experience of youth who returned to Chile without their parents after living in exile for many years. Several of the youths featured in the documentary discuss their difficulty adjusting to life in Chile and struggles with identity. A portion of the film focuses on Carlos Godoy Echegoyen, a twenty-three-year-old Socialist who died under torture in a police station in the port of Quintero in February 1985, shortly after returning from exile. Bravo interviews his mother and his sister. It also features scenes in a cemetery at Godoy's grave and the graves of others, including Victor Jara, and Salvador Allende. The film also tells the story of three children from one family whose parents were taken and who must fend for themselves.

Videos in this series include full-length copies of the documentary with subtitles in English as well as raw footage and interviews. Footage features cemetery scenes, discussions about Carlos Godoy, Chilean religious and social welfare groups, speeches by Pinochet, and other background scenes.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Reel: ref2162_01 Returning to Chile
1986
Reel: ref2162_02
Reel: ref2167 Returning to Chile
1986
Box: 57 Cassette : ref1302 (Videos) Returning to Chile

Scope and Content Note

This video contains a full version of short documentary Returning to Chile.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:29:24.


1986
Box: 96 Dvd : ref1302 (Access dvd)
Box: 61 Cassette : ref1340 Returning to Chile

Scope and Content Note

This is most likely a full-length version of the film Returning to Chile. This film is in Spanish.

1986
Box: 45 Cassette : ref968 Returning to Chile, "Cassette #24 DV #9 Final Viejo, Spanish"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 43 Cassette : ref834 (Videos) Returning to Chile "English subtitles"

Scope and Contents

This video features a complete version of the documentary Returning to Chile.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:29:56.

circa 1984-1986
Box: 97 Dvd : ref834 (Access dvd)
Box: 45 Cassette : ref969 Returning to Chile, English
circa 1984-1986
Box: 53 Cassette : ref1234 (Videos) "Pinochet Speech"

Scope and Contents

This video features a speech by Augusto Pinochet delivered on September 11, the anniversary of the military coup in which he seized power in Chile. In his speech, Pinochet contends that Chile must continue to fight against communism and Marxism. He discusses the history of communism and argues that Chile must stay vigilant because the goal of communism is to take over the world. He contends that his government is protecting democracy, and argues that if critics understood the threat that Chile faced they would know that his actions were correct. The second half of this video features footage of a Cuban dramatic television program filmed by Estela Bravo.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:11.

circa 1984-1986
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1234 (Access dvd)
Box: 65 Cassette : ref1227 Godoy, Carlos (CH13)
circa 1985-1986
Box: 53 Cassette : ref1228 (Videos) Mother of Carlos Godoy: Interview / Protection of Youth Damaged by State of Emergency (PIDEE) (CH14)

Scope and Contents

This video begins with an interview with the mother of assassinated political activist Carlos Godoy. Godoy's mother begins by discussing the youth movement in Chile and the reasons Chilean youth have expressed such strong resistance to the Pinochet government. At the time of the interview, which was filmed sometime around 1985, she explains that the children have lived under Pinochet for 12 years and many remember their family members disappearing or going into exile, and cannot see a future for themselves under the current government. She expresses her hope in the community and her faith that the government will eventually change. The video then focuses on news reports and photos of Carols Godoy and his murder. At minute 17:55 the videos changes to an interview with the executive secretary of the foundation Protection of Youth Damaged by State of Emergency (PIDEE), which helped children whose parents had been harmed, detained, or disappeared by the government. She describes the foundation, its goals, and the kind of support it provides to the children whose families were targeted for political reasons.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:29.

circa 1985-1986
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1228 (Access dvd)
Box: 54 Cassette : ref1253 (Videos) Godoy, Carlos: Interview with Sister (CH18)

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with the sister and mother of murdered Chilean political prisoner Carlos Godoy. The video begins with shots of still images of Godoy, and the interview with his mother and sister begin around minute 3:35. His sister begins by talking about a dove necklace she was wearing, which was made by political prisoners in Santiago. She then discusses how her family moved to Cuba in 1973 following the coup of Augusto Pinochet, and their decision to return to Chile. She describes learning about her brother's death and how the news affected her. She also discusses her hopes of becoming a lawyer or journalist in the future, and her desire to find work that will serve the community.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:32.

circa 1985-1986
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1253 (Access dvd)
Box: 53 Cassette : ref1242 "Godoy and Sister"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 54 Cassette : ref1256 "Cemeteries, Godoy, Desolvencias"
1986
Box: 65 Cassette : ref1230 "Cemetery (CH19)"
1986
Box: 43 Cassette : ref832 (Videos) "Cemetery (CH20)"

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of families in a cemetery in Chile visiting the graves of their loved ones who had been killed by the Central Nacional de Informaciones (CNI), the Chilean military police. At the beginning of the video police can be see chasing demonstrators outside of the cemetery. The video then features an interview with the mother of Carlos Godoy at his grave. Godoy's mother talks about her son, and his murder, and describes him as emblematic of many Chilean youth. After the interview with Godoy's mother, a man speaks about the memory of Godoy and the importance of continued resistance against Augusto Pinochet in Chile.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:48.

1986
Box: 97 Dvd : ref832 (Access dvd)
Box: 53 Cassette : ref1243 "3 Children, Home, Singing (CH22)"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 54 Cassette : ref1249 "Original, 3 Children, Brother"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 54 Cassette : ref1247 "3rd Part, Children, School"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 65 Cassette : ref1223 "3 Children, Street action, Foundation for Social Aid of the Christian Churches (FASIC) "
circa 1984-1986
Box: 65 Cassette : ref1231 "FASIC, Venceremos (CH23)"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 53 Cassette : ref1244 "FASIC, Young People (CH25)"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 53 Cassette : ref1245 "FASIC, Young People (CH26)"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 54 Cassette : ref1254 (Videos) "FASIC, Young People"

Scope and Contents

This video features interviews with 4 young Chilean women who returned to Chile after living abroad for many years. The young women describe how life in Chile are different from their lives abroad in France and Canada. Recorded sometime around 1985, the young women discuss how the political culture has changed since the overthrow of president Salvador Allende. One discusses why her family moved to Canada, and her memories of Chile before they left. They also discuss the reasons they decided to return to Chile, and briefly discuss their involvement in youth activist movements.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:22:28.

circa 1984-1986
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1254 (Access dvd)
Box: 54 Cassette : ref1255 "PIDEE Cuban Young People"

Historical/Biographical Note

Protection of Youth Damaged by State of Emergency (PIDEE) is an organization founded in 1979 and dedicated to healing childhoods shattered by political repression in Chile.

circa 1984-1986
Box: 54 Cassette : ref1252 "Casa Hogar, PIDEE, Jovenes, Casa Linda"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 65 Cassette : ref1229 "Peace, Young People (CH15)"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 65 Cassette : ref1233 "Moneda"

Historical/Biographical Note

Palacio de La Moneda is the Chilean presidential palace. Salvador Allende is believed to have committed suicide at La Moneda just prior to its capture by the troops of General Augusto Pinochet (Sep 11,1973).

circa 1984-1986
Box: 65 Cassette : ref1232 "Mural, Young Children, Church (CH28)"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 53 Cassette : ref1239 "Mexican Families (CH8)"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 59 Cassette : ref1343 Returning to Chile "Festivales"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 54 Cassette : ref1251 Chile - Pinochet (CH5)
circa 1984-1986
Box: 54 Cassette : ref1250 Chile (CH3)
circa 1984-1986
Box: 53 Cassette : ref1246 "Pinochet"
circa 1984-1986
Box: 43 Cassette : ref831 "Premio Ret a Chile Casa"
circa 1984-1986
Box: Electronic Records Folder : TW_TAM_616_ER_11 Returning to Chile: Video Clips

Returning to Chile: Video Clips   TW_TAM_616_ER_11

undated
Box: 31 Cassette : ref680 "Retornando a Chile"
circa 1984-1986

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