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Joseph Califf Papers WAG.098

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
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New York, NY 10012
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Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on June 06, 2018

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Califf, Joseph, 1911-
Source - dnr: Califf, Joseph, 1911-
Title: Joseph Califf Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1936-1977
Dates [bulk]: 1936-1950
Quantity: 1.5 Linear Feet (2 boxes)
Call Phrase: WAG.098

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Historical/Biographical Note

Joseph Califf was born in 1911 in Pennsylvania. He grew up in Louisville, Kentucky, and attended the University of Kentucky and then the University of the South, where he graduated in 1932. He worked for various New Deal relief agencies first in Kentucky and then in Washington, D.C., where he worked for the Resettlement Administration, the Works Progress Administration, and finally the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor. While working in Washington, Califf was actively opposed to the policies of the leadership of his union, the American Federation of Government Employees, AFL. When the AFL expelled his local in 1936, it joined the United Federal Workers of America, CIO.

In 1944, Califf went to work for the United Auto Workers, where he handled wage stabilization cases before the National War Labor Board. The next year he became Education and Research Director of the Food and Tobacco Workers in Philadelphia, writing industry reports and participating in contract negotiations. In 1950, when the FTA was expelled from the CIO and merged with several office and distributing workers unions, Califf took a research position at District 65. He opposed the action by District 65 to go back into the CIO, and subsequently left the union.

In the 1950s, Califf worked briefly with a number of unions, among them the United Mine Workers, and the Fur Workers Union. He worked for the Civil Rights Congress and as a steelworker before getting a job teaching social science and economics at the State University of New York at Potsdam.

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Scope and Contents

The Papers of Joseph Califf reflect his union activities and work for the Food, Tobacco, Agricultural and Allied Workers Union of America (FTA-CIO). The papers, which comprise 1.2 linear feet, span the years 1936-1977, with the bulk of the material dated ca. 1940-1950.

The collection is divided into two series. Series I., Pre-FTW Work, comprises approximately .25 linear feet. This series contains material regarding the organization and early years of the United Federal Workers of America, Local 12, of which Califf was a member. This series also contains materials generated by the National War Labor Board and the National Labor Relations Board. Most of these notes, reports and a few government documents pertain to agricultural labor and labor relations in the food processing industry.

Series II, FTA-CIO, comprises approximately .75 linear feet. The material in this series pertains to Califf's work as research director of the FTA in the late-1940s. The bulk of this series consists of research reports on various food and tobacco industries, written by Califf and others on his staff. Of particular interst are the organizing and membership statistics which give an overview of the industry, its racial and gender compositions, and the state of unionization for the year 1948.

The collection provides little information about the internal operations of the FTA. The collection does, however, adequately document labor relations in the food processing and tobacco industries in the 1940s. The collection also provides some documentation regarding early union organizing in the federal government (the Department of Labor).


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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Califf, Joseph, 1911-

Subject Organizations

  • Food, Tobacco, Agricultural, and Allied Workers Union of America
  • United Federal Workers of America. Local 12
  • United States. National Labor Relations Board
  • United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945)

Subject Topics

  • Tobacco workers -- United States.
  • Labor leaders -- United States.
  • Labor unions -- Food industry employees -- Organizing.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (or related rights to publicity and privacy) for materials in this collection, created by Joseph Califf was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Joseph Califf at an unknown date. The accession number associated with this gift is 1978.014.

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