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Guide to the Jacob Pat Papers WAG.127

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
2nd Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2596
special.collections@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Jessica Weglein and Anton Weiss-Wendt, 1998

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on December 20, 2019
Finding aid is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Pat, Jacob, 1890-1966
Source - dnr: Patt, Rebecca
Title: Jacob Pat Papers
Dates [inclusive]: circa 1930-1978
Dates [bulk]: 1944-1960
Abstract: Jacob Pat was a journalist, writer and activist born in Bialystok, Russian Empire, in 1890. He served as the General Secretary of the Jewish Labor Bund's Central Association of Yiddish Schools in Warsaw, Poland in the years preceding World War II. A fund-raising trip in the fall of 1938 brought Jacob Pat to the United States where he was compelled to remain due to the war. He then devoted his efforts to anti-Nazi activity and rescue work and became the Executive Secretary of the Jewish Labor Comittee, a position he held until his retirement in 1963. He also served as a member of the Delegation of the Jewish Labor Bund to the U.S., and as a chairman of the Congress of Jewish Culture. These papers include correspondence, essays, writings, and photographs, in particular material pertaining to Pat's work with the Jewish Labor Committee.
Quantity: 2.5 Linear Feet in 2 record cartons, 1 manuscript box and 1 oversize folder.
Language: Materials are in English, Yiddish and Hebrew.
Call Phrase: WAG.127

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Historical/Biographical Note

Jacob Pat was born in Bialystok, Russian Empire, in 1890. He attended yeshivas in Slobodka and Slutek and later graduated from a teachers' seminary in Vilna. Active in the Zionist-Socialist Workers Party from 1905, he dropped his Zionist sympathies and became a member of the social-democratic Jewish Labor Bund after World War I. While working as a teacher, he also served as secretary of the Jewish Community Board of Bialystok, 1917-1920. He lived in Warsaw from 1921 to 1938, and worked there as General Secretary of the Bund's Central Association of Yiddish Schools (CISHO), which enrolled an estimated 60,000 children throughout Poland during the interwar years. He was a prolific journalist, editing and writing for Bundist children's magazines, and serving as co-editor for the Polish Bund's newspaper, the Folkstseitung.

In the 1930s he traveled to the United States on fund-raising trips, representing the Bund schools. One such trip took him to New York City in the fall of 1938. Worsening conditions in Europe forced him to remain in the United States to devote himself to anti-Nazi activity and rescue work. He had left behind in Warsaw his wife, Rivke Pat, and two children, Emanuel and Naomi. The family fled to Vilna after the German invasion of Poland, and there Rivke Pat died. Emanuel and Naomi Patt (this spelling of the surname was adopted by them in the U.S.) were brought to the U.S. on special visas in 1940. Jacob Pat remarried, to Frieda Wider, in 1942.

In 1941 Pat became Executive Secretary of the Jewish Labor Committee, a position he held until his retirement in 1963. He also served as a member of the Delegation of the Jewish Labor Bund to the U.S., 1938-1947, as chairman of the Congress for Jewish Culture, and as co-editor of Zukunft. In 1946 he toured displaced persons camps and visited with communities of Jewish survivors in France and Eastern Europe; he wrote about his experiences in Poland in  Ashes and Fire(1947). In later years he traveled extensively to Europe, South America and Israel. He was a frequent contributor to the Jewish press both in Yiddish and English, and published a number of books, including Conversations with Jewish Writers (1959). He died in New York City on April 26, 1966.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of correspondence, including both incoming and outgoing letters which reflect Pat's involvement with a wide range of Jewish political and cultural organizations, and personal correspondence with friends from many countries. Of special note is a file of correspondence related to the publication of his Conversations with Jewish Writers, 1959-1960. Also included in the correspondence files are a small number of letters addressed to or written by other Jewish Labor Committee and Jewish Labor Bund officers and staff, which came into Pat's possession in the course of his work. The collection also includes a substantial amount of material illustrating Pat's work with the Jewish Labor Committee, manuscript and printed reports and essays on a variety of topics related to the Holocaust and Jewish survival, and records of his travels. A small number of documents dating from the years after Jacob Pat's death in 1966 were preserved by his widow, Frieda. Approximately three hundred and fifty black and white photographs document Pat's travels throughout Europe, Israel and South America on behalf of the Jewish Labor Committee and the Joint Distribution Committee. Also represented in the photographs are meetings, events and family members and friends. Notable individuals included in the photographs include Baruch Charney Vladeck, Szmul Zygielbojm and Golda Meir.

Arrangement

Organized into 3 series:

Series I: Biographical and Correspondence, 1937-1971

Series II: Subject files, 1935-1978

Series III: Photographs, circa 1930-1969.

Series I is arranged chronologically and series II and III are arranged alphabetically by subject, and thereunder chronologically.

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Chanin, N., d. 1965
  • Patt, Emanuel, 1912-1971
  • Pat, Jacob, 1890-1966
  • Sherer, Emanuel.
  • Pat, Frieda Wider.
  • Held, Adolph, 1885-1969
  • Patt, Rebecca

Document Type

  • Correspondence.
  • Photographs.

Subject Organizations

  • Ogólny Żydowski Związek Robotniczy "Bund" w Polsce
  • Common Council for American Unity
  • American Labor Committee
  • American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
  • International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
  • Jewish Labor Committee (U.S.)
  • General Jewish Council (U.S.)
  • International Jewish Labor Bund
  • Congress for Jewish Culture

Subject Topics

  • Antisemitism -- Soviet Union -x History -y 20th century.
  • Labor movement -- Poland.
  • Political parties -- Poland.
  • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
  • Holocaust survivors.
  • Jews -x Persecutions -- Europe.
  • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Poland.
  • Jewish refugees -- Hungary.
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Jews -- Rescue.
  • Demonstrations -- France -x History -y 20th century.
  • Jews -- Politics and government.
  • Jewish refugees.
  • Anti-fascist movements -- United States.

Subject Places

  • Poland |x History |y 1918-1945.
  • Australia |x History |y 1951-1965.
  • Soviet Union |x Foreign public opinion, French.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (or related rights to publicity and privacy) for materials in this collection, created by Jacob Pat was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Jacob Pat Papers; WAG 127; box number; folder number;
Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries.

Related Archival Materials

Jewish Labor Committee, Chicago Records and Photographs (WAG 160)

Jewish Labor Committee Oral History Collection (OH 027)

Jewish Labor Committee Photographs (PHOTOS 048)

Jewish Labor Committee Records, Part I: Holocaust Era Files (WAG 025.1)

Jewish Labor Committee Records, Part II: Holocaust Era Files (WAG 025.2)

Jewish Labor Committee (U.S.) Records, Part III: Post-war Administrative Files and Anti-Discrimination Department Files (WAG 025.003)

Jewish Labor Committee Records, Part IV: Addendum (WAG 025.4)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Series I and II of the Jacob Pat Papers were microfilmed in 2005 by the OCLC Digital Collection and Preservation Services, with funding provided by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Researchers must use microfilm for Series I and II of this collection; microfilm call number is Film R-7200, Reels 1-5.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Rebecca Patt, the granddaughter of Jacob Pat, in 1996. The accession number associated with this gift is 1998.005 and 1998.008.

A negative and some accompanying correspondence found in the repository was added to the collection in 2014. The accession number associated with this material is 2014.112.

Processing Information

Photographs separated from this collection during processing were established as a separate collection, the Jacob Pat Photographs (PHOTOS 143). In 2013, the photograph collection was reincorporated into the Jacob Pat Papers (WAG 127).

Materials in Box 3, Folder 14 were discovered in the repository and added to WAG 127 in 2014.

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Container List

Series I: Biographical/Correspondence, 1937-1971

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Biographical/Obituary Information

General note

Reel 1

1966-1971
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

undated
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1937
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1939
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1940
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1941
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1943
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1944
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1945
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1946
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1947
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1948-1950
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1952
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1953
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

1954
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

Jan 1955-Jul 1955
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

Aug 1955-Dec 1955
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

Jan 1955-Apr 1956
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Correspondence

General note

Reel 1

May 1955-Dec 1956
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1957
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1958
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1959
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1960
Box: 1 Folder : 24 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1961
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

Jan 1962-May 1962
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

Jun 1962-Dec 1962
Box: 1 Folder : 27 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1963
Box: 1 Folder : 28 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1964
Box: 1 Folder : 29 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1965
Box: 1 Folder : 30 Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1966 , 1972 , 1981
Box: 1 Folder : 31 Correspondence: Bialystoker Book

General note

Reel 2

1958
Box: 1 Folder : 32 Correspondence: Related to Sihot im Soforim Yehudiyim (Conversations with Jewish Writers)

General note

Reel 2

1959-1960
Box: 1 Folder : 33 Correspondence: Sherer, Emanuel

General note

Reel 2

1944

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Series II: Subject Files, 1935-1978

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 34 Address Books & Business Cards

General note

Reel 2

1940s-1950s
Box: 1 Folder : 35 American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee

General note

Reel 2

1944 , 1946
Box: 1 Folder : 36 American Labor Committee

General note

Reel 2

1941
Box: 1 Folder : 37 Australia

General note

Reel 2

1951-1965
Box: 1 Folder : 38 Australia: Trip - Clippings

General note

Reel 2

1956
Box: 1 Folder : 39 Australia: Trip - Correspondence

General note

Reel 2

1956-1957
Box: 1 Folder : 40 Bessarabian Jewry

General note

Reel 2

undated
Box: 1 Folder : 41 Bialystok

General note

Reel 2

undated
Box: 1 Folder : 42 Bialystok: Research by Nachman Blumental

General note

Reel 2

1940s
Box: 1 Folder : 43 Chanin: Zionism & Communism

General note

Reel 2

1946
Box: 1 Folder : 44 China (Mezhiborsky, D., memorabilia)

General note

Reel 2

1941-1943
Box: 1 Folder : 45 Citizens Committee on Displaced Persons

General note

Reel 2

1948
Box: 1 Folder : 46 Citizens Committee on Displaced Persons

General note

Reel 3

1949-1957
Box: 1 Folder : 47 Common Council for American Unity

General note

Reel 3

1948-1957
Box: 1 Folder : 48 Conference: Goals of the Jewish Labor Movement

General note

Reel 3

1948
Box: 1 Folder : 49 Congress for Jewish Culture

General note

Reel 3

1950
Box: 1 Folder : 50 Diaries

General note

Reel 3

1940s-1950s
Box: 1 Folder : 51 Displaced Persons Act

General note

Reel 3

1948
Box: 1 Folder : 52 Displaced Persons Bill

General note

Reel 3

1950
Box: 1 Folder : 53 Displaced Persons Screening

General note

Reel 3

1948-1949
Box: 1 Folder : 54 Erlich and Alter Case

General note

Reel 3

1943
Box: 1 Folder : 55 Exhibition: "Europe's Fighting Underground"

General note

Reel 3

1940s
Box: 2 Folder : 1 France: Mouvement National Contre le Racisme- pamphlets & newsletters

General note

Reel 3

1943-1944
Box: 2 Folder : 2 France: Protest of Soviet Anti-Semitism

General note

Reel 3

1950s
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Fund Transfer: European

General note

Reel 3

1944
Box: 2 Folder : 4 General Jewish Council

General note

Reel 3

1943-1944
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Germany

General note

Reel 3

1946
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Held, Adolph - Speeches & Addresses

General note

Reel 3

1940s
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Hungarian Reports

General note

Reel 3

1944
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Hungarian Rescue

General note

Reel 3

1944-1945
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Immigration

General note

Reel 3

1946
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Immigration

General note

Reel 3

1948
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Immigration

General note

Reel 4

1948-1949
Box: 2 Folder : 12 International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU)

General note

Reel 4

Jan 1945-Aug 1945
Box: 2 Folder : 13 ILGWU

General note

Reel 4

Sep 1945-Dec 1945
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Israel

General note

Reel 4

1962-1964
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Italian-American Labor Council

General note

Reel 4

1944
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Jewish Labor Committee (JLC): General

General note

Reel 4

1942-1953
Box: 2 Folder : 17 JLC: Ab. Cahan Fund

General note

Reel 4

1965
Box: 2 Folder : 18 JLC: Correspondence

General note

Reel 4

1942
Box: 2 Folder : 19 JLC: Correspondence

General note

Reel 4

1944
Box: 2 Folder : 20 JLC: Correspondence

General note

Reel 4

1945
Box: 2 Folder : 21 JLC: Correspondence

General note

Reel 4

1946-1948
Box: 2 Folder : 22 JLC: Correspondence

General note

Reel 4

1951 , 1957
Box: 2 Folder : 23 JLC: Leivick Fund

General note

Reel 4

1961
Box: 2 Folder : 24 JLC: Minutes of National Executive Committee Meeting (excerpt), 20 Nov 1943. "Report & Discussion on the General Jewish Conference"

General note

Reel 4

1943
Box: 2 Folder : 25 JLC: Printed Material

General note

Reel 5

1942-1974
Box: 2 Folder : 26 JLC: Reports

General note

Reel 5

1942-1976
Box: 2 Folder : 27 JLC: Women's Division

General note

Reel 5

1947
Box: 2 Folder : 28 JLC: Workmen's Circle Division

General note

Reel 5

1943-1951
Box: 2 Folder : 29 Labor Chest (AFL)

General note

Reel 5

1935-1937
Box: 2 Folder : 30 League for Human Rights

General note

Reel 5

1940-1942
Box: 2 Folder : 31 Pat, Frieda

General note

Reel 5

1946-1978
Box: 2 Folder : 32 Patt, Emanuel

General note

Reel 5

1971
Box: 2 Folder : 33 Poland

General note

Reel 5

1937 , 1940
Box: 2 Folder : 34 Report: "Some Confidential Information on the Last Days"

General note

Reel 5

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 35 Reports, Notes, & Writings

General note

Reel 5

1940s-1960s
Box: 2 Folder : 36 Retirement

General note

Reel 5

1963
Box: 2 Folder : 37 Soviet Jewry

General note

Reel 5

1940s-1950s
Box: 2 Folder : 38 Vilna: Refugee List

General note

Reel 5

ca.1940
Box: 2 Folder : 39 Warsaw Ghetto Exhibition (Pictorial Statistics)

General note

Reel 5

1945
Box: 2 Folder : 40 Warsaw Ghetto Memorial

General note

Reel 5

1944
Box: 2 Folder : 41 Wise, Shmuel: "Jewish Workers' Movement in the United States"

General note

Reel 5

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 42 Workmen's Circle, Branch 303 ("Jacob Pat Branch")

General note

Reel 5

1970
Box: 2 Folder : 43 Workmen's Circle: Constitution

General note

Reel 5

1963
Box: 2 Folder : 44 World Conference of Jewish Organizations

General note

Reel 5

Mar 1963
Box: 2 Folder : 45 Yiddish Culture Organization
Jan 1945
Box: 2 Folder : 46 Yugentruf

General note

Reel 5

undated

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Series III: Photographs, circa 1930-1969

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Album: Argentina and Brazil
Mar 1948 - Jul 1948
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Album: Children's Home in Lodz (A gift from the JLC)
1946
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Canado, Trinidad and Brazil
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 4 General
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 5 General (includes Szmul Zygielbojm)
1940s
Box: 3 Folder : 6 General
1950s
Box: 3 Folder : 7 General
1960s
Box: 3 Folder : 8 General
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Israel and Europe
1940s
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Israel and Europe (includes Golda Meir)
1949
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Negatives
undated
Box: OS007 Folder : 1 Oversize Portrait
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Photographs from Correspondence
1953-1956; undated
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Uruguay (Joint Distribution Committee)
1948
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Laskier, Kaplan, and Cukierman in German Military Uniforms
circa 1942, 1997

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