Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives logo

Guide to the Charles and Annette O'Flaherty Papers WAG.142

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Susan Tofte

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on June 15, 2018
Finding aid is written in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: O'Flaherty, Charles
Creator: O'Flaherty, Annette
Source - dnr: O'Flaherty, Annette
Source - dnr: O'Flaherty, Brendan
Title: Charles and Annette O'Flaherty Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1937-1999
Dates [bulk]: 1952-1970
Abstract: Annette O'Flaherty was a trade-union activist and president of the CIO Women's League of New Jersey from the mid-1950s through the early 1960s. Her papers in this collection include constitutions, convention records, newsletters, and correspondence with leading labor and political figures in New Jersey, as well as general material documenting the history of women's role in the labor movement. Charles O'Flaherty was the eldest of three brothers who fought in Spain during the Spanish Civil War as volunteers in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. Following his youngest brother Edward's death in 1978, Charles acquired some of Edward's writings on his experience in Spain. These writings, and Charles's International Brigades identity card, are included in this collection. Twenty-four photographs are also included which document Annette O'Flaherty's work with the CIO Women's League of New Jersey, Abraham Lincoln Brigade veterans and the O'Flaherty family.
Quantity: 1 Linear Feet in 1 record carton.
Language: Materials are in English
Call Phrase: WAG.142

Return to Top »


Historical/Biographical Note

Annette Doyle O'Flaherty was born in New York City. She graduated from Columbia High School in 1936 and from Mount Holyoke College with a B.A. with honors in Economics in 1940. In July of 1940, she went to work on the editorial staff of Springfield Newspapers until the papers stopped publication because of a strike in September 1946. While working for Springfield Newspapers, Annette served as executive secretary of the Springfield Newspaper Guild, Local 28 until October 1947. At that time she became the National Coordinator for the United Nations Appeal for Children and American Overseas Aid until the organization dissolved in June 1948. Annette returned to Springfield where she became secretary and campaign manager for a joint AFL-CIO political committee organized for the 1948 political election year. The committee was successful in defeating three anti-labor referenda and helped to elect a Congressman.

Annette also served as secretary of the Western Massachusetts CIO Council for four years and was assistant director of the Union Counseling Program. She became the state president of the CIO Women's League of New Jersey in the 1950s after settling in Newark, New Jersey with her husband Charles.

Charles (Charlie) O'Flaherty was born in South Boston and graduated from Norwood, MA High School in 1924. He was the oldest of three brothers, all of whom eventually volunteered for service in the Spanish Civil War (using the original version of their family name, Flaherty). He attended Colby College on scholarship but quit after two years to help support his family. He became interested in the labor movement and socialism while in college and was influenced by the hunger marchers he saw on Boston Common. His first job was working as a purchasing manager for Barnes and Noble. In the early 1930's, Charles worked for the Cambridge Rubber Company in Cambridge Massachusetts.

In 1936, Charles went to Spain and was a leader of the Irish Section of the International Brigades. He was wounded on the Jarama Front, where he served with the Abraham Lincoln Brigade infantry. Charles was sent home in 1937 as a result of severe injuries to his arm. He went on a nation-wide tour with his brother Frank, who was also wounded in Spain, to raise funds for the Friends of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.

The youngest Flaherty brother, Edward, was an infantry commander at Jarama. He was an auto mechanic who served in World War II with an Army transportation unit in Germany. Following his return from the war, he settled in Paterson, New Jersey. Edward (Eddie) died on July 13, 1978.

In 1940 Charles accepted a job organizing for the United Electric Workers (UE). He was an early member of the Marine Workers Industrial Union and was a delegate to the National Maritime Union (NMU) convention in 1945. Charles left for sea again at the beginning of World War II and spent the war on the Murmansk Run as a member of the NMU.

Charles O'Flaherty married Annette Doyle in November 1948 and settled in Newark, N.J.; they had two sons, Sean and Brendan. Charles worked for the Worthington Pump Co. and served as president of Local 55 of the International Brotherhood of Firemen, Oilers, and Maintenance Mechanics, AFL-CIO. The O'Flahertys remained active in the anti-war, anti-nuclear, feminist and other progressive political movements. Charles O'Flaherty died on June 28, 1984, and Annette in 2000.

Return to Top »


Scope and Content Note

This collection includes materials pertaining to both the Flaherty brothers' involvement in the Spanish Civil War and Annette O'Flaherty's presidency of the CIO Women's League of New Jersey. Included in the Spanish Civil War materials are Edward O'Flaherty's writings and correspondence, Charles O'Flaherty's notes and letters, and Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade mailings. Highlights include Edward Flaherty's identification card from Spain and his writing about his experience in the Spanish Civil War. Materials pertaining the CIO Women's League of New Jersey include correspondence, constitutions, convention records, newsletters, and publications from the national CIO. Highlights include correspondence with leading labor and political figures in New Jersey. The collection also includes twenty-four photographs documenting the O'Flaherty family, Spanish Civil War veterans and CIO Women's League events.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged into three series:

Series I: Spanish Civil War Materials, 1937-1984

Series II: Trade-Union Activities, 1940-1968

Series III: Photographs, 1959-1999

All series are arranged alphabetically.

Folders are arranged alphabetically by topic within each series.

The files are grouped into two series:

Missing Title

  1. I, Spanish Civil War Materials
  2. II, Trade-Union Activities

Return to Top »


Access Points

Subject Names

  • O'Flaherty, Charles
  • Flaherty, Edward.
  • O'Flaherty, Annette
  • Krebs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1912-1996
  • Meyner, Robert B.
  • Meany, George, 1894-1980.
  • Reuther, Walter, 1908-1970.
  • O'Flaherty, Edward.
  • Minish, Joseph G.
  • O'Flaherty, Annette
  • O'Flaherty, Brendan

Document Type

  • Photographs.
  • Newsletters.
  • Correspondence.
  • Reports.
  • Personal papers.

Subject Organizations

  • Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.)
  • Spain. Ejército Popular de la República. Abraham Lincoln Battalion
  • CIO Women's League of New Jersey
  • Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade
  • New Jersey State Industrial Union Council
  • AFL-CIO. Committee on Political Education

Subject Topics

  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939.
  • Soldiers -- United States -v Biography.
  • Women labor leaders.

Subject Places

  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Participation, American.
  • Newark (N.J.).
  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Campaigns.

Return to Top »


Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Any rights (including copyright and related rights to publicity and privacy) held by Charles and Annette O'Flaherty were transferred to New York University in 2000 by Brendan O'Flaherty. Permission to publish or reproduce materials in this collection must be secured from Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Archives. Please contact tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu, (212) 998-2630.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Charles and Annette O'Flaherty Papers; WAG 142; box number; folder number;
Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries.

Separated Material

One rolled photograph was separated and placed with other rolled photographs for preservation.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Annette O'Flaherty in 1997. Additional items were donated by Annette and Charles' son Brendan O'Flaherty in 2000. The accession numbers associated with these gifts are 1997.004 and 1997.016.

Processing Information

Photographs separated from this collection during processing were established as a separate collection, the Charles and Annette O'Flaherty Photographs (PHOTOS 219). In 2014, the photograph collection was reincorporated into the Charles and Annette O'Flaherty Papers (WAG 142).

Return to Top »


Container List

Series I: Spanish Civil War Materials, 1937-1984

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Flaherty, Edward (?): Authorization for Hospital Visit
[1937]
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Flaherty, Edward: Identification Card
[1937]
Box: 1 Folder : 3 O'Flaherty, Charles
undated , 1982-1984
Box: 1 Folder : 4 O'Flaherty, Edward: Correspondence
undated , 1969
Box: 1 Folder : 5 O'Flaherty, Edward: Writings
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade
1977-1980

Return to Top »


Series II: Trade-Union Activities, 1940-1968

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 7 CIO Women's League of New Jersey-Committee on Political Education (COPE) AFL-CIO
1958-1959
Box: 1 Folder : 8 CIO Women's League of New Jersey-CIO PAC Conference on Family Participation in PAC
1954
Box: 1 Folder : 9 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Constitution
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Correspondence
1955-1959
Box: 1 Folder : 11 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Correspondence with IUE, UAW, CWA, National CIO, and National CIO Auxiliaries
1954-1955
Box: 1 Folder : 12 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Essex-West Hudson Chapter
1956-1961
Box: 1 Folder : 13 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: First Convention
1955
Box: 1 Folder : 14 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Fourth Annual Convention Conference
1958
Box: 1 Folder : 15 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: The League Reporter
1952-1955
Box: 1 Folder : 16 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Member List
1953-1954
Box: 1 Folder : 17 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: National CIO Women's Conference
1954
Box: 1 Folder : 18 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: News Bulletin/Newsletter
1955-1957
Box: 1 Folder : 19 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Newspaper Clippings
1955-1959
Box: 1 Folder : 20 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Officers' Report
1957-1961
Box: 1 Folder : 21 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Organizational Material
1949-1962
Box: 1 Folder : 22 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Resolutions
undated , 1958
Box: 1 Folder : 23 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Second Annual Convention
1956
Box: 1 Folder : 24 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Steering Committee
undated , 1954-1955
Box: 1 Folder : 25 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Supervised Shower Programs
1954
Box: 1 Folder : 26 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: The Union Maid
1961
Box: 1 Folder : 27 CIO Women's League of New Jersey: Vaccines
1956
Box: 1 Folder : 28 Government Regulation and Control and Concentration of American Business, Annette Doyle Honors Paper
May 27, 1940
Box: 1 Folder : 29 IUE-AFL-CIO, Local 447 Elections
1962
Box: 1 Folder : 30 National CIO Community Service Center
undated , 1953-1954
Box: 1 Folder : 31 New Jersey State Industrial Union Council AFL-CIO: Report on New Jersey
1964
Box: 1 Folder : 32 New Jersey State CIO Council
1955-1961
Box: 1 Folder : 33 Newark Pre-School Council Annual Staff Report
1967-1968
Box: 1 Folder : 34 Springfield Newspaper Guild, Local 28
1944
Box: 1 Folder : 35 Western Massachusetts CIO Council
1955

Return to Top »


Series III: Photographs, 1959-1999

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 36 Abraham Lincoln Brigade Veterans (Charles O'Flaherty, Ed Flaherty and Paul Burns)
1970s
Box: 1 Folder : 37 Community Services Dinner
1959
Box: 1 Folder : 38 Miscellaneous
circa 1959
Box: 1 Folder : 39 O'Flaherty Family
1999, undated

Return to Top »


Return to Top »