Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives logo

Guide to the Screen Actors Guild, New York Branch Records WAG.178

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Teresa R. Taylor

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on June 22, 2018
Description is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Screen Actors Guild. New York Branch
Source: Screen Actors Guild. New York Branch
Title: Screen Actors Guild, New York Branch Records
Dates [inclusive]: 1954-1984
Abstract: The Screen Actors' Guild opened its first branch office in New York City in 1938. The minutes of the New York Section of the Screen Actors' Guild reflect the governance and activities of SAG at the local branch level and provide insight into New York SAG's evolving role in the national organization. The minutes also reveal much about SAG's relationship to other unions both in and outside of the entertainment industry.
Quantity: 4 Linear Feet in four record cartons.
Language: Materials are in English
Call Phrase: WAG.178

Return to Top »


Biographical / Historical

History of the Screen Actors Guild

The creation of the Screen Actors' Guild (SAG) in 1933 was the first successful attempt to establish a motion picture actors' union which was independent of the Hollywood studios and producers. From 1920 to 1929, the Actors' Equity Association, an affiliate of the Associated Actors and Artistes of America (4A's) and the American Federation of Labor, made continuous efforts to organize Hollywood actors, but encountered indifference on the part of actors and resistance from the producers. In 1927, a cut in non—union salaries generated keener interest in Equity, but Equity was undercut by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which was created by producers to represent their employees. The Academy protested the salary reduction, and producers chose to bargain with the Academy rather than with Equity. From 1927 to 1933, the Academy functioned as the chief bargaining agent for screen actors. The Screen Actors' Guild was founded as a result of actor disaffection with the Academy. In March 1933, the Academy failed to protest drastic outs in the salaries of studio and freelance actors. Moreover, it approved the National Recovery Administration's code for the film industry, which was written by producers and included salary control and agency licensing provisions which the actors resented. SAG originated when six actors, meeting secretly in the home of Kenneth Thomson, decided to form a self governing union, fully independent of the Hollywood producers. Incorporated in Sacramento, California, on June 30, 1933, SAG won its first victory when its president, Eddie Cantor, persuaded Franklin D. Roosevelt to suspend the salary control and agency licensing provisions. This triumph gave SAG instant clout and fostered rapid expansion of its membership.

When SAG incorporated in 1933, Actors' Equity still had official AFL jurisdiction over motion picture actors. On November 13, 1934, Equity relinquished its jurisdiction on the condition that it be transferred to SAG. ln 1935, SAG affiliated with 4A's and the AFL. Motion picture producers refused to recognize SAG as an official bargaining unit until 1937, when 98 percent of SAG's 5,053 members voted to strike for recognition, thus forcing the producers to acknowledge SAG and accept guild shops. In 1937, thirteen producers signed the first Guild contract, which guaranteed minimum wages, 12 hour breaks between calls, and arbitration of future disputes.

History of the New York Branch

In 1938, the Screen Actors' Guild opened its first branch office in New York City. When it was chartered in 1939, the 21 member New York Advisory Council had no representatives on the National Board of Directors. Its chief function was the administration of local union matters, such as arbitration of disputes, approval of contracts, and member relations. Although it could make recommendations to the Board of Directors, the New York Council had little influence on the governance of the national organization until New York's prominence in the growing television industry and in particular, television commercials, provided the Council with the clout needed to gain representation on the Board.

In 1953-1954, the New York Advisory Council became the New York Council, and the number of Council members increased from 21 to 27, Council members were elected by "voting members" of the New York Branch, namely those persons who had been members of SAG for two years or longer. The two year prerequisite for voting was reduced to one year in April 1954 to fit SAG's policy of free membership interchange with affiliates of the 4A's. If not reelected, the president of the Council automatically stayed on as a member for one year after his term expired. The Council held two regular meetings per month, except in the summer when they met once per month.

In May 1958, the New York Council charged its Executive Committee with the duty of exploring "ways and means of bringing the members of the Guild throughout the country into...the national activities of the Guild." In March 1959, the National Board and the New York Council agreed that nine New York representatives to the National Board would be appointed. The New York representation to the Board consisted of the president and eight members of the Council. Initially, the New York Directors were elected by the Council, rather than by the general membership.

Beginning in March 1964, the New York Branch continued to reorganize its governing body. The Council proposed that its duties be absorbed by the New York Section of the National Board of Directors which would become the sole governing board for New York SAG. At the National Board's annual meeting in November 1964, New York further proposed that its representation be increased to 24, based on proportional representation. The national executives' counter—proposal called for 19 New York representatives and the National 4th Vice President would automatically be from New York. ln June 1965, the National Board approved the elimination of the New York Council and the organization of a New York Section with 19 New York National Board members. On November 8, 1965, the New York Section, now renamed the New York Directors of the National Board, approved a by-law dissolving the New York Council and enlarging the quorum of New York Directors to 20. That same day the New York Council held its final meeting.

The New York Council and the New York Directors were headed by eight officers: the President, four Vice Presidents, the Executive Secretary, the Treasurer and the Recording Secretary. Together, the officers constituted the Executive Committee which was concerned with the financial affairs and budget of the branch, its administrative organization and procedures, and the operation of its office and its personnel policies. Moreover, it was empowered to approve signatories of Guild contracts in the New York region; make recommendations to the New York Board in regard to formulation, revision, and enforcement (or waiver) of SAG by-laws, policies and procedures; authorize delegates (usually the Executive Secretary or President) to represent New York SAG at non-SAG conferences and functions, such as the AFL-CIO National Conference. The Executive Committee also served as SAG's communications agent, channeling petitions, invitations, grievances and other matters to the Board or to the appropriate committees or officers. It was also the Executive Committee which approved the editing and publication of Reel.

A brief overview of committees of New York SAG gives a clear indication of how its concerns and activities expanded from 1954-1977. ln 1954, New York SAG had only four standing committees: Publications, Procedural Rules, Budget & Finance, and Administrative. A year later, the list had grown slightly to include: Wages & Working Conditions and Membership Study. By 1960, Budget & Finance and Administrative had merged into one committee. Other committees for that year were: Agent Relations, Joint Committee, Membership Attendance, Welfare, Membership Relations, Publications, Committee on Rules and Procedure, and Wages & Working Conditions. ln 1962, in response to pressure from the Committee for the Employment of Negro Performers (which was independent of SAG but included Guild members), SAG created a Committee on Minorities to study and recommend ways through which it could help combat discrimination in the motion picture industry. This seems to be a turning point for New York SAG, as it became increasingly aware of and involved in civil rights and political issues in the 1960s and 1970s.

SAG jurisdiction also seems to have grown during this period, so that by 1977, the list of committees reflected a much broader range of concerns and activities than in 1954. The committees in 1977 were: Agent Relations, Conservatory, Coordinating, Dubbing, Emergency Relief, Ethnic Minorities, Extras Advisory, Film Society, Guild Government Review, Legislative, Leniency, Manhattan Plaza, Membership Relations (with subcommittees: Orientation, Rap, Actor Services, Member Relations), New York Dancers, New York Production, Publication, Replacement, Retail, singers, Wages & Working Conditions (commercial), Women's SAG's Jurisdiction has also expanded so that it now covers all acting work in the motion picture industry, namely theatrical pictures, television entertainment programs, television commercials and industrial educational films Contracts for extras are also negotiated and administered by the New York Branch.

Return to Top »


Scope and Content Note

The minutes of the New York Section of the Screen Actors' Guild reflect the governance and activities of SAG at the local branch level and provide insight into New York SAG's evolving role in the national organization. The minutes also reveal much about SAG's relationship to other unions both in and outside of the entertainment industry. SAG's relationship to various non-union sectors of the motion picture industry, including production companies, agencies, and distributors, is also documented.

In a broader context, the minutes reveal much about SAG's involvement in and reactions to trends, problems, innovations and transformations within the entertainment industries as they relate to national and worldwide events. Examples of broader relevant topics include the Great Depression, the labor movement, World War ll, the "red scare" of the McCarthy Era, the civil rights movement, the feminist movement, and the Vietnam War. The effects of such technological developments as the advent of television broadcasting on the entertainment industry can also be discovered through the records of SAG.

Because of the relative isolation of the New York Branch until 1965, information about the national organization prior to 1965 is scant. Moreover, the series of minutes of the National Board of Directors 1965-1975 (Series IV) is incomplete. Also missing from this collection are records of the New York Branch from 1938-1954. It is possible that much of this material was discarded or destroyed. A memo from the president to the Executive Committee on Oct. 25, 1968 recommended that "correspondence files dating as far back as 1948" and other "non-essential" material be thrown out to increase space in the New York office.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged into seven series:
Series I: New York Council: Minutes, Communications, and Resolutions
Series II: New York Directors of the National Board
Series III: New York Directors of the National Board: Executive Committee
Series IV: National Board of Directors
Series V: Proceedings of the Membership Meetings of the New York Branch of the Scree Actors Guild
Series VI: Unprocessed Materials
Series VII: Archived Website

Folders are arranged chronologically within series.

Return to Top »


Access Points

Subject Organizations

  • Screen Actors Guild. New York Branch

Return to Top »


Administrative Information

Custodial History

The archived website was migrated from the California Digital Library's Web Archiving Service to the Internet Archive's Archive-It Service in November 2015. The link to California Digital Library was removed in October 2017.

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (or related rights to publicity and privacy) for materials in this collection, created by the Screen Actors Guild, New York Branch, was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Screen Actors Guild, New York Branch Records; WAG 178; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Archival Materials

Actors' Equity Association Records (WAG 011)

Associated Actors and Artistes of America Records (WAG 110)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Materials for Series I-V are available on microfilm; microfilm call number is R-7449.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by the Screen Actors Guild, New York Branch, circa 1990. The accession number associated with this gift is 1978.007.

Processing Information note

In 2014, the archived website was added as Series VII. In 2014, the finding aid was adapted into EAD from the original finding aid. Materials in series VI were put in folders.

Return to Top »


Container List

Series I: New York Council: Minutes, Communications, and Resolutions, 1954-1965

Scope and Content Note

The Minutes of the Council, 1954-1965 are generally rich in supporting documents. Items routinely or frequently appended to the minutes, include reports of ad hoc and standing committees; communications from Hollywood and other branches, or from outside the Guild; lists of newly approved signatories to Guild contracts; and ballots and referenda. Annual attendance charts for the New York Council accompany minutes for the years 1963-64 and 1964-65 and are placed at the beginning of these years.

Election results are generally appended to the minutes of either the last or the first meeting of each administrative year or are reported in the text of the minutes. Researchers should note that the minutes are organized chronologically according to electoral or administrative year. From 1954 until 1958 or 1959 (a gap in the records makes it difficult to ascertain the exact date) administrative years conformed with the calendar year; annual elections took place in November or December, and each administration began when newly elected or reelected members of the Council assumed their duties at the first meeting after January 1. After 1957, a shift in the chronological organization of the minutes reflects a change in the Council's electoral or administrative year. Elections were held in October or November, and with a few exceptions, each new administration began in November.

The Communications, 1955-1960 consist of a variety of materials, generally the same type of supporting documents which are attached to the minutes. Included are referenda, copies of resolutions, excerpts from Council minutes, ballots, announcements of actions of the Council, announcements of meetings (often with agenda attached), letters to and from the National Board in Los Angeles, letters to and from signatories of Guild Contracts, "unfair lists," and pay scales. Although the 1955, 1956 and 1957 Communications files function chiefly as secondary information supporting or in some cases, duplicating that found in the minutes, the Communications for 1958 and 1959 furnish valuable information about the New York Branch for these years and thus offset a 1958-59 gap in the minutes.

Originally filed in reverse chronological order (most recent records first), the Communications have been rearranged so that they now correspond with the chronological order of the minutes. The order is "interrupted" only when supporting or follow-up materials, such as copies of resolutions, referenda and ballot results, or replies to communications, have been appended to a particular letter or announcement.

The Resolutions, 1954-1959 are excerpted or copied resolutions from the Council Minutes. As with the Communications files for 1958 and 1959, the Resolutions for these years help to offset the corresponding gap in the minutes.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Minutes
1954
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Minutes
1955
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Minutes
1956
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Minutes
1957
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Minutes
Nov 1959-Nov 1960
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Minutes
Nov 1960-Nov 1961
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Minutes
Nov 1961-Nov 1962
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Minutes
Nov 1962-Oct 1963
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Minutes
Nov 1963-Apr 1964
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Minutes
May 1964-Oct 1964
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Minutes
Nov 1964-Apr 1965
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Minutes
May 1965-Nov 1965
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Communications
1955
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Communications
1956
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Communications
1957
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Communications
1958
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Communications
1959
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Communications
1960
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Resolutions
1954-1959

Return to Top »


Series II: New York Directors of the National Board, 1965-1977

Scope and Content Note

New York representation on the National Board of Directors begins circa 1958, but February 18, 1965 is the earliest date for minutes of New York Directors in this collection. Until October 1965, the New York Directors were more commonly referred to as the New York Section of the National Board. There is a gap in minutes for the Nov 1973-Nov 1974. Supporting documents the New York Directors minutes are appended to the minutes each meeting, rather than being filed separately as with the "Communications" files in the series of Council minutes. Annual attendance records (charts) of the New York Directors accompany the minutes for the administrative years 1965-66 through 1976-77.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Minutes
Jun 2, 1959
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Minutes
Feb 1965-Nov 1965
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Minutes
Nov 1965-Oct 1966
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Minutes
Nov 1966-Oct 1967
Box: 1 Folder : 24 Minutes
Dec 1968-Oct 1969
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Minutes
Nov 1967-Oct 1968
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Minutes
Nov 1969-Oct 1970
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Minutes
Nov 1970-Oct 1971
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Minutes
Nov 1971-Apr 1972
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Minutes
May 1972-Oct 1972
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Minutes
Nov 1972-Apr 1973
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Minutes
May 1973-Oct 1973
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Minutes
Dec 1974-May 1975
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Minutes
Jun 1975-Nov 1975
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Minutes
Dec 1975-Apr 1976
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Minutes
May 1976-Oct 1976
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Minutes
Nov 1976-Feb 1977
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Minutes
Mar 1977-Jun 1977
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Minutes
Jul 1977-Oct 1977
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Minutes
Nov 1977-Dec 1977

Return to Top »


Series III: New York Directors of the National Board: Executive Committee, 1966-1977

Scope and Content Note

Minutes of the Executive Committee are usually brief, 1 to 2 pages long. Outside of lists of new Signatories, there are few attachments to Executive Committee minutes until Nov. 1972, when the number of other attachments, usually letters or memoranda, begins to increase. This series of minutes ends with the minutes of May 22, 1976 and the list of New Signatories Approved by the New York Executive Committee at their meeting January 10, 1977. There are three gaps in this series of minutes: October 1973-September 1974; January-May 1976; and June 1976~January 1977. Information about the management of the New York office can be found here including: expenditures, personnel requirements and assessments, pay and benefit policies, public relations, records management, automation (copiers, computers) and other administrative or fiscal matters of the New York Guild office.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Minutes
Feb 1966-Oct 1966
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Minutes
Jan 1967-Oct 1967
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Minutes
Dec 1967-Oct 1968
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Minutes
Nov 1968-Oct 1969
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Minutes
Nov 1969-Oct 1970
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Minutes
Nov 1970-Oct 1971
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Minutes
Nov 1971-Oct 1972
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Minutes
Nov 1972-Oct 1973
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Minutes
Oct 1974-Dec 1975
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Minutes (Signatories)
May 22, 1976, Jan 10, 1977

Return to Top »


Series IV: National Board of Directors, 1965-1974

Scope and Content Note

The minutes for the following dates are missing: Dec. 1965; Jan. — May 1966 and Oct.14, 1966; Jan. Z3, Feb.13 and Dec. 18, 1967; Jan. 6 and Oct. 13, 1969; June 28, 1971; and Nov. 1973—Oct. 1974.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 25 Minutes
Jan 1954-Jun 1954
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Minutes
Jul 1954-Dec 1954
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Executive Committee Hollywood National Board Minutes
1954
Box: 2 Folder : 28 Minutes
Nov 1965-Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Minutes
Nov 1966-Oct 1967
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Minutes
Nov 1967-Oct 1968
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Minutes
Nov 1968-Oct 1969
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Minutes
Nov 1969-Oct 1970
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Minutes
Nov 1970-Oct 1971
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Minutes
Nov 1971-Apr 1972
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Minutes
May 1972-Oct 1972
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Minutes
Nov 1972-Apr 1973
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Minutes
May 1973-Oct 1973
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Minutes
Nov 1973-Apr 1974
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Minutes
May 1974-Oct 1974
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Minutes
Nov 1974-Apr 1975
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Minutes
May 1975-Nov 1975

Return to Top »


Series V: Proceedings of the Membership Meetings of the New York Branch of the Scree Actors Guild, 1973-1977

Scope and Content Note

This series is comprised of the transcripts of the Proceedings of the Annual and semi-annual Membership Meetings. Each transcript, with the exception of May 1977, includes a table of contents.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Fall Meeting
Nov 8, 1973
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Fall Meeting
Nov 7, 1974
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Special Meeting
Mar 3, 1975
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Spring Meeting
May 19, 1975
Box: 3 Folder : 18 Fall Meeting
Nov 12, 1975
Box: 3 Folder : 19 Spring Meeting
May 3, 1976
Box: 3 Folder : 20 Fall Meeting
Nov 9, 1976
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Spring Meeting
May 10, 1977

Return to Top »


Box
4
 

Series VI: Unprocessed Materials, 1965-1984

Scope and Content Note

This series contains meeting minutes from 1983-1984, agreements and contracts, a letter from Sylvia O'Brien, information on the Screen Extras Guild/SAG merger, and constitutions and by-laws.

Series VII: Archived Website, Mar 10, 2009-ongoing

Screen Actors Guild, New York Branch

[https://wayback.archive-it.org/6349/*/http://www.sagaftra.org/NY]

Scope and Content Note

The New York Branch of the Screen Actors Guild is one of twenty branches nationwide representing actors working in motion pictures, television, commercials, industrials, video games, Internet and all new media formats. The Guild exists to enhance actors working conditions, compensation and benefits and to be a powerful, unified voice on behalf of artists rights.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Due to technical or privacy issues, archived websites may not be exact copies of the original website at the time of the web crawl. Certain file types will not be captured dependent on how they are embedded in the site. Other parts of websites that the crawler has difficulty capturing includes Javascript, streaming content, database-driven content, and highly interactive content. Full-Text searches of archived websites are available at https://archive-it.org/organizations/567.

Return to Top »