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Guide to the Southern Tenant Farmers' Union Collection
||Southern Tenant Farmers' Union.
||Southern Tenant Farmers' Union Collection
||The Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union (STFU) was founded in 1934, in Tyronza, Arkansas
by an interracial assembly of eighteen local sharecroppers and tenant farmers. Despite
extreme persecution by landowners and deputy sheriffs the movement quickly developed
locals in communities throughout the delta region and beyond. The STFU numbered 31,000
members at its peak in 1938. Several agricultural strikes and two roadside encampments-highlighting
the plight of agricultural workers-garnered national press coverage. State commissions
were established to relieve the plight of sharecroppers in Arkansas and neighboring
Missouri and federal legislation was passed, creating programs to underwrite loans
for sharecroppers to buy their own farms, as well as programs to build emergency housing
for agricultural laborers. This collection consists of several hundred slide photographs,
approximately ninety audio cassettes, sixty video cassettes, a dozen reel to reel
tapes and a dozen 16mm films. The slides document sharecroppers, STFU leaders and
rank-and-file members, and the devastation in Depression-era Dust Bowl farms. The
film, video and reel to reel tape recording were generated in the course of filming
the documentary "Our Land Too" on the history of the STFU.
||10.0 linear feet in 8 record cartons, 2 oversize flat boxes and 1 manuscript box.
|Language of Materials note:
||Materials are in English