Since the 1870s, journalists have been posing as patients or attendants to expose horrid conditions and treatment inside mental hospitals. Nellie Bly, incidentally, was not the first.
Reporters have presented as teachers or students to get an inside view of what goes on in schools and colleges.
These are stings to expose scam artists, quacks and hucksters who prey on the needs or naivete of their customers, clients, or patients.
Across the world, journalists have used undercover techniques to expose individual predators and as well as major sex crime rings.
A gathering of the undercover and experiential reporting of Elizabeth Cochrane, later Seaman, who wrote under the pen name of Nellie Bly.
In efforts to get inside the fold, reporters have fellow-traveled with religious groups, posing as members or prospective recruits.
From 1968 to present day, reporters have gone undercover to expose the corruption and mistreatment that occurs within nursing homes.
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