The work of groups such as James O'Keefe's Project Veritas and Lila Rose's LiveAction and their undercover operations.
Journalists from the United States and Australia get inside the post-Civil War practice of recruiting Pacific Islanders to work the world's non-U.S. plantations on extended contracts of indenture.
Journalism that required costuming or even physical transformation by reporters reporting on racial, ethnic, gender or social groups not their own.
Journalists have devised any number of ruses to get inside hospitals and clinics -- as patients or staff members.
From 1968 to present day, reporters have gone undercover to expose the corruption and mistreatment that occurs within nursing homes.
Reporters have worked as guards or gotten themselves arrested -- sometimes with the aid of authorities and sometimes without -- to investigate conditions inside prisons and jails.
Reporters have presented as teachers or students to get an inside view of what goes on in schools and colleges.
Reporters have taken the undercover route from slaughterhouses and chicken- and pork-processing plants to fast-food chains and supermarkets to understand the system.
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