Reporters have taken the undercover route from slaughterhouses and chicken- and pork-processing plants to fast-food chains and supermarkets to understand the system.
Among the most common of poses: journalists who elect to live as tramps, the homeless, or the abject poor.
Reporters encounter or inhabit the lives of very hard-laboring others.
Medicare and Medicaid fraud have been perennial reporting topics since the 1960s, often requiring undercover techniques to amass specific details.
Reporters have presented as teachers or students to get an inside view of what goes on in schools and colleges.
Journalism that required costuming or even physical transformation by reporters reporting on racial, ethnic, gender or social groups not their own.
These are examples of undercover reportage that were considered to have crossed ethical lines or that caused major legal wrangles.
Reporters have worked as guards or gotten themselves arrested -- sometimes with the aid of authorities and sometimes without -- to investigate conditions inside prisons and jails.
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