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Guide to the Goldsboro Banyar and Banyar Family Papers
 MS 39

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400

© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Susan Kriete

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on November 08, 2016
Description is in English

Biographical/Historical note

This collection includes official and personal papers of Goldsboro (also spelled Goldsbrow, Goldsborow, Goldsborough) Banyar and his heirs, including prominent grandson-in-law Campbell White, a New York politician and businessman.

Goldsborough Banyar (1724-1815) emigrated from London to America in the 1730’s. By 1746, he had become deputy to George Clarke, Secretary of the Colony of New York. He also served as Deputy Clerk of the Council and on the provincial Supreme Court. A shrewd businessman and adroit politician, Banyar had a hand in virtually every land transaction that took place in pre-Revolutionary New York, building valuable relationships and a considerable fortune.

In 1767, Banyar married Elizabeth Appy, widow of John Appy Esq., Secretary and Judge Advocate of His Majesty’s Forces in America. Elizabeth was the step-daughter of Major Abraham Mortier, Paymaster-General of the British army in New York. (Mortier married Elizabeth’s mother, the widow Martha Naden, after Elizabeth’s father passed away. The Mortier’s home, Richmond Hill, later became the headquarters of George Washington).

Goldsborough and Elizabeth had four or more children. It appears that only two survived to adulthood: a daughter, Martha, and son Goldsborough Banyar, Jr. The family lived in New York City until the onset of the Revolution, at which time they relocated to Rhinebeck, NY, in an attempt to avoid conflict. Although presumably a loyalist, Banyar managed to retain his many valuable grants of land. By 1790, the family had relocated again to Albany, where Banyar purchased a large home on Pearl Street as well as several other local properties. In 1800, the household included five slaves.

In 1801, Banyar's son, Goldsborough Banyar, Jr. married Maria Jay (1782-1856), daughter of John Jay (1845-1892), first Chief Justice of the United States. Banyar Jr. managed his father’s extensive real estate holdings and served on local boards in Albany until 1806, when he died at the age of 31. Goldsboro Banyar, Senior, continued to live in Albany with his daughter-in-law, Banyar Jr.'s widow Maria. The elder Banyar died in 1815 at the age of 91.

By the time of Banyar's death, his only surviving child was his daughter Martha. Martha had married Jacob LeRoy, a prominent New York merchant, in 1792 The couple had three daughters -- Harriet, Mary, and Cornelia -- and a son, Goldsborough Banyar Leroy (1802-1866), who inherited his grandfather's extensive estate (as directed by Banyar's will, he changed his name from Goldsborough Banyar LeRoy to Goldsborough LeRoy Banyar).

Goldsborough LeRoy Banyar never married. His sister, Harriet Banyar LeRoy, married Campbell Patrick White. An Irish immigrant, Campbell Patrick White became a prominent New York lawyer and politician who served in Congress from 1829 to 1835. Campbell's brother, Robert White, served for many years as cashier of Manhattan Bank. The two brothers also managed the New York branch of the White family's distillery business, headquartered in Baltimore.

When Goldsborough LeRoy Banyar died in 1866, he left his estate to his nephew, John Campbell White (Campbell and Harriet White's son and Goldsboro Banyar's great-grandson). In accordance with his uncle Goldsborough LeRoy Banyar's will, John Campbell White also changed his name to Goldsborough Banyar in order to inherit the Banyar estate.