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Guide to the Gouverneur Morris, Jr. Papers
1835-1879 (bulk 1850-1860)
 MS 427

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400

@ 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Maurita Baldock

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on November 01, 2011
Description is in English.

Scope and Content Note

The documents in this collection relate to Gouverneur Morris, Jr.'s role as a railroad developer. They include surveys, estimates, legal documents, correspondence, proposals, agreements, and numerous accounts, bills, and receipts. The four box collection is organized by railroad and a brief history of each is included in the series descriptions. Railroads that are represented by a few documents are together in one series. The documents pertain to him as an investor, and often a building contractor for numerous railroads. His development activities involved him with various companies including Morris, Miller, & Shuyler or Morris, Miller, Baker, and Co., etc.

The bulk of the collection relates to his role as a developer in the extension of the New York and Harlem Railroad to Albany, New York. The documents provide details on stocks, financing, contractors, materials, and the amount of work completed. The contracts and payroll records provide details on labor and wages. Information on property bought for the extension, including some of Morris's property in Morrisania, is also included. The quantity of records for the other railroads in the collection is much smaller and generally includes agreements, contracts, correspondence, and financial documents.

The collection supports research on railroad construction, particularly the New York and Harlem Railroad Albany extension. Most of the collection pertains to the building of railroads rather than their operation. Although the collection contains some information about Gouverneur Morris, Jr.'s property and stocks, there is no personal information about him or his better known father, Gouverneur Morris.


The collection is arranged by railroad.

This collection is organized into ten series:

  1. Series I: New York & Harlem Railroad, 1836-1873, undated
  2. Series II: New York and Albany Railroad, 1838-1846
  3. Series III: Albany and Susquehanna Railroad, 1853-1861
  4. Series IV: Trevorton Railroads, 1852-1860, undated
  5. Series V: Flushing Railroad, 1853-1859
  6. Series VI: Vermont Valley Railroad, 1851-1873
  7. Series VII: Central Iowa Air Line, 1857-1860
  8. Series VIII: Illinois Central Railroad, 1851-1863
  9. Series IX: Other Railroads, 1846-1863
  10. Series X: Various Railroad Documents, 1835-1879, undated