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Guide to the
Justice Stephen G. Crane Papers
on the Bernhard Goetz Trial and Other Cases
1981–2000
 MS 3152

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
(212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Joseph Ditta

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on November 30, 2020
Finding aid written in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Crane, Stephen G., 1938-
Title: Justice Stephen G. Crane papers on the Bernhard Goetz trial and other cases
Dates [inclusive]: 1981–2000
Abstract: Trial docket books (1981–2000) and clipping and subject files (1982–1991) of New York Criminal Court and Supreme Court Justice Stephen G. Crane, who presided over the sensational trial of Bernhard Goetz, the so-called "Subway Vigilante." Goetz, a white electronics engineer, shot four African American youths who asked him for money aboard the No. 2 train on December 22, 1984. He was acquitted of attempted murder, but found guilty only of illegal possession of a handgun. The collection includes a 9,505-page transcript of the proceedings of The People of the State of New York v. Bernhard Goetz (1986–1987), plus two artifacts signed by the trial participants—the judge, jurors, attorneys, court officers and reporters, and the defendant himself.
Quantity: 10 Linear feet in 10 record cartons, plus two oversize artifacts.
Location: Materials are stored offsite and advance notice is required for use. Please contact manuscripts@nyhistory.org prior to your research visit to coordinate access. Keep in mind that it will take between two (2) and five (5) business days for collections to arrive, and you should plan your research accordingly.
Language: The documents in the collection are in English.
Call Phrase: MS 3152

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Biographical / Historical

Cornell Law School graduate Stephen G. Crane (J.D., 1963) practiced law in New York City from 1963 until 1981, when he became a Judge for the Criminal Court of the City of New York. Crane was appointed Acting State Supreme Court Justice in 1984, and served in that position through 1989, during which time he presided over the controversial trial of so-called "Subway Vigilante" Bernhard H. Goetz. Crane became a Supreme Court Justice in 1990, and served as Administrative Judge of Supreme Court, Civil Branch for New York County from 1996 until 2001. That year, he was designated an Additional Justice for the Appellate Division, Second Department, and in 2005 was officially designated as an Associate Justice for that Court. He was promoted to Senior Associate Justice for the Appellate Division, Second Department in 2008, the year he retired.

On December 22, 1984, Bernhard Goetz, a white, 37-year-old electronics engineer riding the No. 2 subway, shot four African American youths—Barry Allen, Troy Canty, Darrell Cabey, and James Ramseur—who asked him for money. Goetz was indicted for attempted murder, and his subsequent trial brought intense debate to the subjects of self-defense and public safety. Some members of the public painted the shooter as a hero fighting the dangers of urban crime. Others viewed him as a depraved vigilante whose excessive force was racially motivated. Although Darrell Cabey was left paralyzed and brain-damaged by the shooting, Goetz was acquitted of attempted murder, and found guilty only of illegal possession of a handgun. He was sentenced to a year in prison (he served eight months at Riker's Island) and five years' probation.

==============================

This note is adapted from Justice Stephen G. Crane's biography on the website of the Historical Society of the New York Courts (https://history.nycourts.gov/biography/stephen-g-crane/) and Robert Sanger Steel's entry on "Bernhard Hugo Goetz" in  The Encyclopedia of New York City, 2nd ed. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2010), 514. For a chronology of the Goetz shooting and trial, see the Wikipedia article 1984 New York City Subway shooting.

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Scope and Contents

Aside from the trial docket books in Series I, which record proceedings heard by Justice Stephen G. Crane in the Criminal Court of the City of New York (1981–1983) and New York State Supreme Court (1984–2000), the bulk of this collection centers on the criminal trial of "Subway Vigilante" Bernhard Goetz (1985–1987). Series II includes subject files on various aspects of The People v. Goetz, containing such material as handwritten notes, photocopies of laws and precedents, court documents, and scattered correspondence. More focused correspondence—much of it from interested members of the public who offered Crane their opinions both for and against Goetz (in sometimes racially-tinged language)—may be found in Box 6, Folders 1–8. And extensive newspaper clippings on the Goetz case, trial, and sentencing, may be found in Box 5, Folders 8–47. A copy of the official 9,505-page trial transcript fills three record cartons and provides minute coverage of the proceedings; see Box 8, Folder 1 for a detailed table of contents and an index to witness testimony. The collection also includes two unusual, autographed mementos of the Goetz trial (see Series IV). One, a 108-inch-long computer printout, presents the jury's admonition or oath with an inscription "To Justice Stephen G. Crane with respect and admiration" and signatures of the jurors and alternates. The other, a remnant of the jury box from the courtroom at 111 Centre Street, Manhattan, where the Goetz trial took place, is a 99-inch-long wooden plank signed by all the participants (excluding the victims): the judge, the jurors, their alternates, the attorneys, court officers and reporters, and the defendant, Bernhard Goetz, himself. See the note at Series IV for a description of this item's creation.

Arrangement

The collection is organized in four series:

Series I.
 Trial docket books, 1981–2000
Series II.
 Clipping and subject files, 1982–1991
Series III.
 People v. Goetz trial transcript, 1986–1987
Series IV.
 People v. Goetz trial artifacts, 1987

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Crane, Stephen G., 1938-
  • Goetz, Bernhard Hugo, 1947- -- Trials, litigation, etc.

Document Type

  • Artifacts
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Dockets
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Signatures (names)
  • Transcripts.

Subject Organizations

  • New York (State). Supreme Court

Subject Topics

  • Local transit crime -- New York (State) -- New York
  • Self-defense (Law) -- New York (State) -- New York
  • Trials (Assault and battery) -- New York (State) -- New York
  • Vigilantes

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Use Restrictions

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to 20 exposures of stable, unbound material per day. Application to use images from this collection for publication should be made in writing to: Department of Rights and Reproductions, The New-York Historical Society, 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024-5194, rightsandrepro@nyhistory.org. Phone: (212) 873-3400 ext. 282.

Copyrights and other proprietary rights may subsist in individuals and entities other than the New-York Historical Society, in which case the patron is responsible for securing permission from those parties. For fuller information about rights and reproductions from N-YHS visit: www.nyhistory.org/about/rights-reproductions.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as the "Justice Stephen G. Crane Papers on the Bernhard Goetz Trial and Other Cases, MS 3152, New-York Historical Society."

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Hon. Stephen G. Crane (Ret.), 2019 (accession no. MS-2019-057).

Processing Information

Archivist Joseph Ditta arranged and described this collection in October-November 2020.

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Container List

Series I. Trial docket books, 1981–2000

Scope and Contents

Series I contains trial docket books recording proceedings heard by Stephen G. Crane while serving as Judge for the Criminal Court of the City of New York (1981–1983), Acting New York State Supreme Court Justice (1984–1989), New York State Supreme Court Justice (1990–1996), and Administrative Judge of Supreme Court, Civil Branch for New York County (1996–2000).

Arrangement

Volumes are filed chronologically. Except for the Criminal Court trial docket book, which was assigned "Vol. [A]" by the processing archivist, the Supreme Court trial docket books were assigned Roman numerals by Justice Crane or his assistant. Note that Volume II does not exist. Volume III begins shortly after the last date in Volume I. A letter from Justice Crane noting this discrepancy is tipped inside the front cover of Volume I.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Offsite-Box: 1 Volume : [A] Criminal Court trial docket book
1981 December 2 – 1983 December 1
Offsite-Box: 1 Volume : I Supreme Court trial docket book
1984 January 3 – July 13; 1985 April 1 – May 10
Offsite-Box: 1 Volume : III Supreme Court trial docket book
1985 May 14 – 1986 July 9
Offsite-Box: 2 Volume : IV Supreme Court trial docket book
1986 July 9 – 1988 January 13
Offsite-Box: 2 Volume : V Supreme Court trial docket book
1988 January 21 – 1989 March 15
Offsite-Box: 2 Volume : VI Supreme Court trial docket book
1989 March 14 – 1990 March 19
Offsite-Box: 3 Volume : VII Supreme Court trial docket book
1990 March 19 – 1991 May 21
Offsite-Box: 3 Volume : VIII Supreme Court trial docket book
1991 May 21 – 1992 April 28
Offsite-Box: 3 Volume : IX Supreme Court trial docket book
1992 April 20 – 1993 October 15
Offsite-Box: 4 Volume : X Supreme Court trial docket book
1993 October 7 – 1994 December 23
Offsite-Box: 4 Volume : XI Supreme Court trial docket book
1995 January 5 – November 16
Offsite-Box: 4 Volume : XII Supreme Court trial docket book
1995 November 17 – 1999 February 18
Offsite-Box: 4 Volume : XIII Supreme Court trial docket book
1999 February 18 – 2000 September 7

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Series II. Clipping and subject files, 1982–1991

Scope and Contents

Series II contains four distinct groups of material:

Non-Goetz clippings (Box 5, Folders 1–7)
People v. Goetz clippings (Box 5, Folders 8–47)
People v. Goetz correspondence (Box 6, Folders 1–10)
People v. Goetz subject files (Box 6, Folders 11–20, and Box 7, Folders 1–32)

Arrangement

Material is filed chronologically within each grouping described above.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Offsite-Box: 5 Folder : 1–3 Clippings. General [3 folders]
1982–1991
Offsite-Box: 5 Folder : 4 Clippings. Cornell Alumni News & Cornell Law Forum

Scope and Contents

Biographical information on Stephen G. Crane.

1987, 1990
Offsite-Box: 5 Folder : 5 Clippings. Norman Mills

Scope and Contents

On July 8, 1988, in The People v. Norman Mills, Justice Crane acquitted Mills, 31, of the attempted murder of his mother on January 15, 1987, by reason of mental disease or defect. For details of the proceedings, see Crane's Supreme Court Trial Docket Book covering January 21, 1988 through March 15, 1989 (Box 2, Vol. V).

1988
Offsite-Box: 5 Folder : 6 Clippings. Ann Green

Scope and Contents

On September 23, 1988 a Manhattan jury cleared Ann Green, a former pediatric nurse, of charges she murdered two of her infants and attempted to kill a third. The jury found Green was not criminally responsible because of psychosis triggered by childbirth. Acting Justice Stephen Crane ordered Green to undergo psychiatric evaluation by state-designated doctors. She spent 37 days at Kirby Forensic Psychiatric Center, Ward's Island, between March and April, 1989. For details of the proceedings, see Crane's Supreme Court Trial Docket Book covering January 21, 1988 through March 15, 1989 (Box 2, Vol. V).

1988–1989
Offsite-Box: 5 Folder : 7 Clippings. Lyndon LaRouche

Scope and Contents

For details of the fraud and conspiracy trial of four fundraisers working for one of the businesses of perennial presidential candidate Lyndon LaRouche (1922–2019), see Crane's Supreme Court Trial Docket Book covering March 14, 1989 through March 19, 1990 (Box 2, Vol. VI).

1989
Offsite-Box: 5 Folder : 8–47 People v. Goetz. Clippings [40 folders]
1985–1989
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 1–8 People v. Goetz. Correspondence [8 folders]

Scope and Contents

Includes letters from interested citizens offering their opinions to Judge Crane on his handling of the Goetz case. A number of the letters—both pro- and anti-Goetz—contain racist language. Note that additional correspondence may be found scattered throughout the People v. Goetz clippings (Box 5, Folders 8–47) and in the files of Series II following this one.

1985–1988
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 9–10 Matter of Goetz v. Crane [2 folders]
1985
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 11 People v. Goetz. Requests to Charge Goetz
1985 January – 1987 June
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 12 People v. Goetz. 190.75 resubmission

Scope and Contents

Concerns:

The Laws Of New York / Consolidated Laws / Criminal Procedure / Part 2: The Principal Proceedings / Title I: Preliminary Proceedings In Superior Court / Article 190: The Grand Jury And Its Proceedings / Section 190.75: Grand jury; dismissal of charge.

(See https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/CPL/190.75.)

1985 March – 1986 January
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 13 People v. Goetz. Opinion—2d Grand Jury
[1985 March]
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 14 People v. Goetz. Notice of Petition
1985 May 31
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 15 People v. Goetz. Motion to dismiss 2d Grand Jury
1985 October
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 16–17 People v. Goetz. Notice of Motion (Under Seal) [2 copies in 2 folders]
1985 October 14
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 18 People v. Goetz. (Motion) Indictment no. 476-1914/85
1985 October–November
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 19 People v. Goetz. Motion [Colloquy]
1985 November 25
Offsite-Box: 6 Folder : 20 People v. Goetz. Sealing order
1985–1986
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 1 People v. Goetz. Dismissal—Reversed
1986 January–November
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 2 People v. Goetz. Subpoena
1986 October–November
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 3 People v. Goetz. Justification reckless endangerment, Singer article
1986–1987 May
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 4 People v. Goetz. Motion to recuse ADA
1986 October – 1987 October
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 5 People v. Goetz. Voir dire [jury selection]
1986 December – 1987 April
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 6 People v. Goetz. Working file
1987
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 7 People v. Goetz. Range(?) interview prep
1987
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 8 People v. Goetz. Justification . . .
1987 February–June
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 9 People v. Goetz. Jury nullification
1987 March–April
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 10 People v. Goetz. Racial remarks / racial epithets
[1987 April]
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 11 People v. Goetz. Defense motion to allow criminal records as evidence in chief
1987 May
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 12 People v. Goetz. CPL 270.50 visit scene

Scope and Contents

Concerns:

The Laws Of New York / Consolidated Laws / Criminal Procedure / Part 2: The Principal Proceedings / Title J: Prosecution Of Indictments In Superior Courts--Plea To Sentence / Article 270: Jury Trial--Formation And Conduct Of Jury / Section 270.50: Trial jury; viewing of premises.

(See https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/CPL/270.50.)

1987 May
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 13 People v. Goetz. Psych & NY Post
1987 May
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 14 People v. Goetz. Ramseur contempt
1987 May
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 15 People v. Goetz. Renewal: Dismissal Garth Reid
1987 May
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 16 People v. Goetz. 5th Amendment on cross x assertion before jury (see also missing witness [file])
1987 May–June
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 17 People v. Goetz. Trial order of dismissal
1987 May–June
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 18 People v. Goetz. Missing witness
[1987 June]
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 19 People v. Goetz. Proportionality under 35.15

Scope and Contents

Concerns:

The Laws Of New York / Consolidated Laws / Penal / Part 1: General Provisions / Title C: Defenses / Article 35: Defense Of Justification / Section 35.15: Justification; use of physical force in defense of a person.

(See https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/PEN/35.15.)

1987 June
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 20 People v. Goetz. Charge
1987 June
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 21 People v. Goetz. Re-open case after resting
[1987 June?]
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 22 People v. Goetz. Unduly harsh
[1987 August?]
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 23 People v. Goetz. Sentencing
1987 August–October
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 24 People v. Goetz. Recusal motion (before sentence application)
1987 October
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 25 People v. Goetz. Sentencing remarks & decision
1987 October
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 26 People v. Goetz. Motion to unseal DA's sent. [sentencing?] memo
1987, 1990
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 27 People v. Goetz. Post sentencing
1987–1988
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 28 People v. Goetz. Re-sentencing remarks
1988–1989
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 29 People v. Goetz. Conditional release
1989
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 30 People v. Goetz. Bus. records . . .
undated
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 31 People v. Goetz. Lie detector
undated
Offsite-Box: 7 Folder : 32 People v. Goetz. Excited utterance
undated

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Series III. People v. Goetz trial transcript, 1986–1987

Scope and Contents

Series III consists of the trial transcript of The People of the State of New York v. Bernhard Goetz, covering December 12, 1986 through June 16, 1987. The container list provides a guide to the contents of each lettered tab within each volume of the transcript, but see Box 8, Folder 1, for a detailed table of contents and an index to witness testimony.

Arrangement

Some of the volumes of the People v. Goetz trial transcript were housed in tabbed, three-ring binders. Loose volumes were similarly hole-punched and tabbed. The binders have been discarded, and all thirteen volumes have been transferred to folders, preserving their pre-assigned Roman numeral and tab designations.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Offsite-Box: 8 Folder : 1–5 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. I (pages 1–862) [5 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 12/12/86 (jury selection), pages 1–140
(B) 12/15/86 (jury selection), pages 141–313
(C) 12/16/86 (jury selection), pages 314–518
(D) 12/17/86 (jury selection), pages 519–714A
(E) 12/18/86 (jury selection), pages 715–862

1986 December 12–18
Offsite-Box: 8 Folder : 6–10 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. II (pages 863–1692) [5 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 1/16/87 (jury selection), pages 863–1059
(B) 1/23/87 (jury selection), pages 1060–1234
(C) 1/30/87 (jury selection), pages 1235–1386
(D) 2/06/87 (jury selection), pages 1387–1561
(E) 2/20/87 (jury selection), pages 1562–1692

1987 January 16 – February 20
Offsite-Box: 8 Folder : 11–15 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. III (pages 1693–2480) [5 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 2/27/87 (jury selection), pages 1693–1870
(B) 3/06/87 (jury selection), pages 1871–2028
(C) 3/13/87 (jury selection), pages 2029–2156
(D) 3/20/87 (jury selection), pages 2157–2267
(E) 3/23/87 (jury selection), pages 2268–2480

1987 February 27 – March 30
Offsite-Box: 8 Folder : 16–18 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. IV (pages 2481–3299) [3 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 3/24/87 (jury selection), pages 2481–2727
(B) 3/25/87 (jury selection), pages 2729–3051 (missing 2728)
(C) 3/26/87 (jury selection), pages 3052–3299

1987 March 24–26
Offsite-Box: 9 Folder : 1–4 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. V (pages 3300–4253) [4 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 3/30/87 (jury selection), pages 3300–3547
(B) 3/31/87 (jury selection), pages 3548–3857
(C) 4/01/87 (jury selection), pages 3858–4094
(D) 4/02/87 (jury selection), pages 4095–4253

1987 March 30 – April 2
Offsite-Box: 9 Folder : 5–7 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. VI (pages 4254–4945A) [3 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 4/06/87 (jury selection), pages 4254–4486
(B) 4/07/87 (jury selection), pages 4487–4712
(C) 4/27/87 (opening statements; People's witnesses), pages 4713–4945A

1987 April 6–27
Offsite-Box: 9 Folder : 8–10 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. VII (pages 4946–5492) [3 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 4/28/87 (People's witnesses), pages 4946–5143
(B) 4/29/87 (People's witnesses), pages 5144–5280
(C) 5/01/87 (People's witnesses), pages 5281–5492

1987 April 28 – May 4
Offsite-Box: 9 Folder : 11–13 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. VIII (pages 5493–6268A) [3 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 5/4/87 (People's witnesses), pages 5493–5748
(B) 5/5/87 (People's witnesses), pages 5749–5978
[sealed testimony, pages 5979–6013, not included]
(C) 5/6/87 (People's witnesses), pages 6014–6268A

1987 May 4–6
Offsite-Box: 10 Folder : 1–4 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. IX (pages 6269–6930) [4 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 5/07/87 (People's witnesses), pages 6269–6410
[gap in pagination; missing pages 6411–6435]
(B) 5/11/87 (People's witnesses), pages 6436–6664
(C) 5/12/87 (People's witnesses), pages 6665–6819
(D) 5/13/87 (People's witnesses), pages 6820–6930

1987 May 7–13
Offsite-Box: 10 Folder : 5–8 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. X (pages 6931–7590) [4 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 5/19/87 (People's witnesses), pages 6931–7130
(B) 5/20/87 (People's witnesses), pages 7131–7322
(C) 5/21/87 (Defense witnesses), pages 7323–7460
(D) 5/26/87 (Defense witnesses), pages 7461–7590

1987 May 19–26
Offsite-Box: 10 Folder : 9–12 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. XI (pages 7591–8265) [4 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 5/27/87 (Defense witnesses), pages 7591–7732
(B) 5/28/87 (Defense witnesses), pages 7733–7899
(C) 6/01/87 (Defense witnesses), pages 7900–8126
(D) 6/02/87 (Defense witnesses), pages 8127–8265
[missing pages 8266–8444]

1987 May 27 – June 2
Offsite-Box: 10 Folder : 13–16 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. XII (pages 8445–9082) [4 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 6/08/87 (charge conference), pages 8445–8520
(B) 6/09/87 (charge conference), pages 8521–8632
(C) 6/10/87 (Defense summation), pages 8633–8822
(D) 6/11/87 (People's summation), pages 8823–9082

1987 June 8–11
Offsite-Box: 10 Folder : 17–20 People v. Goetz trial transcript, vol. XIII (pages 9083–9505) [4 folders]

Scope and Contents

(A) 6/12/87 (jury charge), pages 9083–9292
(B) 6/13/87 (colloquy in chambers), pages 9293–9379
(C) 6/15/87 (jury questions), pages 9380–9466
(D) 6/16/87 (verdict), pages 9467–9505

1987 June 12–16

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Series IV. People v. Goetz trial artifacts, 1987

Scope and Contents

Series IV contains two artifacts—a wooden plank and a paper scroll—signed by participants in the trial of The People of the State of New York v. Bernhard Goetz.

Arrangement

Items are listed chronologically.

Container 1     Title Date
Object: Artifact Autographed jury box remnant

Access Restrictions

A confirmed appointment is necessary to view this large and heavy item, which requires two people to retrieve and transport to the Reading Room.

Scope and Contents

Wooden plank (measuring 99 inches long by 8 inches wide by 1 inch thick) inscribed "SUPREME COURT—STATE OF NEW YORK PART 81" and signed by the participants in the trial of the People v. Bernhard Goetz, including the defendant. Accompanied by the following description:

========================================

This is the actual remnant of the jury box in the courtroom at 111 Centre Street where the trial of People v Bernhard Goetz transpired. The jury box as originally constructed was too tall to permit the jurors to see exhibits displayed in the well of the court. As the trial proceeded this became evident (Transcript p. 5053). As a result, the clerk of the part, Robert Hamkalo, arranged with the New York City Department of General Services, as it then was called, to cut down the jury box overnight. He sought this unprecedented cooperation by informing the representatives of DGS that Judge Crane would praise the Department to the world press assembled in the courtroom if they accomplished this task; but if not the judge would have to inform the audience of the reason why the jury box continued to obstruct the view of the jurors. The next morning, May 1, 1987, a sign on the diminished jury box read "Don't Touch. Varnish Wet." Judge Crane, off the record, made the promised remarks to the audience and later, on the record (Transcript p. 5293–4) congratulated Bob Hamkalo and told the jurors that the diminished jury box should "enhance your abilities to discharge your obligations as the trial continues in being able to see the exhibits that are produced in the well of the court…and to be able to see the witnesses as they are on the witness stand." Following the day's proceedings, the Deputy Chief Administrative Judge for the Courts Within the City of New York, Milton Williams, called Judge Crane to ask how he accomplished the down-sizing of the jury box because he, Judge Williams, had been requesting this remedy for all the jury boxes at 111 Centre Street for the past 7 years!

It was also the idea of the clerk of the part to obtain the signatures of all the participants in the trial on each of the three boards that formed the excess height of the jury box. On the left in the positions in which they sat appear the signatures of the jurors: #1 James Hurley, Foreman; #2 Erniece Dix; #3 Catherine Brody; #4 D. Wirth Jackson; #5 Mark Lesly (who later wrote a book about the trial Subway Gunman: A Juror's Account of the Bernhard Goetz Trial with Charles Shuttleworth); #6 James P. Moseley; #7 Lyn (Carolyn) Perlmuth; #8 Diane Serpe; #9 Rober Leach; #10 Francisco Figuera; #11 Michael Axelrod; #12 Ralph Schreimpf; Alternate #1 Jon Patten; Alternate #2 Delphine McFadden; Alternate #3 Lou Mari Vereen; and Alternate #4 Augustine Ayala.

Also signing: Justice Stephen G. Crane; Law Secretary, Leon Schechter; Court Clerk Robert Hamkalo; Assistant District Attorney Gregory Waples; Defense Team, Barry Slotnick; Mark M. Baker; Frank King; Gillian Coulter; and Bernhard Goetz; Court Officers Jim Lawler; Dan Dolger; Clifton Murphy; Stephen Cazilas; and Artie Coardes; and Court Reporters Stephen Cohen; Joel Machlis; Nina Koss; and Hilda J. Wall.

The reverse side of the board shows the finish that was visible on the exterior of the jury box.

========================================

[1987 May 1]
Offsite-Box: 1 Autographed jury admonition / oath

Scope and Contents

A rolled scroll of ten attached sheets of continuous form, dot matrix printer paper (measuring approximately 108 inches long by 15 inches high), with the following message and inscription (in capital letters):

========================================

WE, THE JURORS, AGREE: TO KEEP AN OPEN MIND ON EVERY ISSUE INVOLVING THIS CASE; NOT TO DISCUSS ANY ELEMENT OF THIS CASE AMONG OURSELVES OR WITH ANYONE ELSE; NOT TO READ, WATCH OR LISTEN ABOUT THIS CASE AS IT IS REPORTED BY THE MEDIA; TO PROMPTLY REPORT TO THE COURT ANY ATTEMPT BY ANYONE TO IMPROPERLY INFLUENCE ANY MEMBER OF THIS JURY. -- JAMES, ERNIECE, CATHERINE, WIRTH, MARK, JAMES II, LYN, DIANA, ROBERT, FRANCISCO, MICHAEL, RALPH, JON, DELPHINE, LOU, AUGIE.

TO JUSTICE STEPHEN G. CRANE WITH RESPECT AND ADMIRATION MAY 28, 1987

========================================

Signed next to their printed names by jurors James Hurley, Erniece Dix, Catherine Brody, D. Wirth Jackson, Mark Lesly, James Mosely, Carolyn Perlmuth, Diana Serpe, Robert Leach, Francisco Figueroa, Michael Axelrod, Ralph Schriempf, and alternates Jon Patten, Delphine McFadden, Lou Vereen, and Augustine Ayala.

1987 May 28

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