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Guide to the Charles H. Sherrill Scrapbooks
1884-1937
 MS 3191

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
(212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Marybeth Kavanagh

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on December 04, 2020
Finding aid written in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Sherrill, Charles Hitchcock, 1867-1936
Title: Charles H. Sherrill scrapbooks
Dates [inclusive]: 1884-1937
Abstract: The collection consists of 44 scrapbooks (1884-1937) created by lawyer and diplomat Charles Hitchcock Sherrill (1867-1936). The scrapbooks contain ephemera,(including postcards, photographs, clippings, ribbons, pins, membership cards, and programs) as well as correspondence and drawings, all of which document Sherrill's education, work, travels, and interests, especially those related to sports and theater.
Quantity: 13 Linear feet in 44 volumes
Language: The documents in the collection are in English.
Call Phrase: MS 3191

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Biographical / Historical

Charles Hitchcock Sherrill (1867-1936) was an American lawyer, diplomat, and sport officer.

Sherrill was born April 13, 1867 in Washington, DC to New York state politician and Washington lobbyist Charles H. Sherrill and Sarah Fulton Wynkoop Sherrill. He studied at Yale University, and was an accomplished college athlete, winning the inter-collegiate 100-yard dash title four times and the 220 yard dash three times. In 1888, he became the first person to use a crouch start in track and field sprints.

After graduating from Yale law school, Sherrill practiced law in New York City. He married George Barker Gibbs (1870-1947) in 1906, and they had one child, Gibbs Wynkoop Sherrill, born in 1908. Active in Republican politics, Sherrill coordinated some New York City campaign events for Presidents McKinley and Taft, and was appointed US Ambassador to Argentina from 1909 to 1910. He organized and was grand marshall of the 1916 Citizens Preparedness Parade, and during World War I, he was made Adjutant General of New York State, head of the New York National Guard. He later served as US Ambassador to Turkey from 1932 to 1933.

Outside of his work in law and politics, Sherrill's interests included travel, art, history, and sports. He wrote a number of books, on subjects ranging from diplomacy and world affairs, to stained glass, to his own family history. In one of his books, "The Purple or the Red" (1924), dedicated to Benito Mussolini, Sherrill argued for popular monarchy as an acceptable secondary option to republican government as a means to prevent the spread of Bolshevism.

Sherrill was an active participant in the social and civic life of New York City. He belonged to the Society of the Sons of the Revolution, and was a founding member of the National Arts Club. He was a member of social clubs such as the the Union League, the St. Nicholas Skating Club, the Grolier Club, and the Yale Club. He also helped coordinate the campaign to complete the building of NYC's Cathedral of St. John the Divine in the mid 1920s.

Sherrill's ardent enthusiasm for sports never waned. In 1892, he was elected to the Board of Directors of the New York Athletic Club. Active in Yale's Athletic and Alumni Associations, he helped organize the first Yale-Oxford Track Meet in 1894, and traveled to it annually, often serving as an official. From 1922 to his death, Sherrill was a member of the International Olympic Committee and played a vital role in organizing the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. In 1935, during the preparations for the 1936 Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, Sherrill met twice with Hitler.

Sherrill died suddenly in France on June 25, 1936.

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Scope and Contents

This collection consists of 44 scrapbooks created by lawyer and diplomat Charles Hitchcock Sherrill (1867-1936). Covering the years 1884-1937, the scrapbooks contain clippings, correspondence, sketches, and ephemera (including postcards, photographs, ribbons, pins, membership cards, menus, and programs), all of which document Sherrill's work, social and political activities, travels, and interests.

Sports, politics, travel, civic and social events, art, and theater are common themes throughout Volumes 1-35, which are chronological records of Sherrill's life from his undergraduate years at Yale until his death. Volume 36 consists mainly of letters of condolence to Sherrill's widow, George Gibbs Sherrill, after Sherrill's death in Paris in 1936. Volumes 37 and 38 contain material related to Sherrill's genealogical research. Volumes 39-42 hold postcards from Sherrill's travels, including real photo postcards. Volume 43 contains mainly theater tickets and programs dated 1884-1888. Volume 44 is mostly blank, but does have a few hand-drawn cartoons (seemingly made by Sherrill as a child) and some other illustrations.

Most scrapbooks are labeled with dates and volume numbers.

Arrangement

The bulk of the collection (Vol. 1-36) is arranged chronologically. The remaining volumes are arranged by subject.

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Access Points

Document Type

  • Correspondence.
  • Photographs.
  • Postcards.
  • Scrapbooks.
  • Theater programs.

Subject Topics

  • Ambassadors.
  • College sports -- United States.
  • Genealogy.
  • Lawyers -- New York (State) -- New York.
  • Olympics -- History.
  • Sports -- United States.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Use Restrictions

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to 20 exposures of stable, unbound material per day. Application to use images from this collection for publication should be made in writing to: Department of Rights and Reproductions, The New-York Historical Society, 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024-5194, rightsandrepro@nyhistory.org. Phone: (212) 873-3400 ext. 282.

Copyrights and other proprietary rights may subsist in individuals and entities other than the New-York Historical Society, in which case the patron is responsible for securing permission from those parties. For fuller information about rights and reproductions from N-YHS visit: https://www.nyhistory.org/about/rights-reproductions

Preferred Citation

The collection should be cited as: Charles H. Sherrill scrapbooks, MS 3191, New-York Historical Society.

Related Materials

The library contains a number of Sherrill's publications, including "The Sherrill Genealogy; the Descendants of Samuel Sherrill of East Hampton, Long Island, New York" and "My Story Book," an autobiography published posthumously in 1937.The Manuscripts Department also holds Mss Collection AHMC-Sherrill, Charles Hitchcock, which consists of a letter and an autograph.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of George Gibbs Sherrill, 1937

Processing Information

Archivist Elise Winks performed a high level survey of the collection in June 2020. Archivist Marybeth Kavanagh processed the collection in November 2020.

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Container List

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Scrapbook 1

Scope and Contents

This volume documents Sherrill's Yale undergraduate years, including church services, rules and guidelines, fraternity life, athletics, dinners, and other events.

1885-1888
Volume: 2 Scrapbook 2

Scope and Contents

This scrapbook covers Sherrill's senior year at Yale.

1888-1889
Volume: 3 Scrapbook 3

Scope and Contents

This volume documents Sherrill's time at Yale Law School.

1889-1890
Volume: 4 Scrapbook 4
June 1890 - June 1894
Volume: 5 Scrapbook 5

Scope and Contents

This volume includes memorabilia from trips to England for Yale-Oxford sporting events. A clipping from Oxford dated July 10 reveals that Sherrill and a Yale colleague were arrested for setting off fireworks on the 4th of July.

June 1894 - September 1895
Volume: 6 Scrapbook 6

Scope and Contents

This volume documents Sherrill's membership in the Business Men's Republican and Sound Money Club and his support for President McKinley, including invitations to inaugural balls. It also contains an announcement of the formation of his law firm, Carmalt, Sherrill and Lockwood, accompanied by photographs of each man at his desk. In addition, there is some ephemera from Manhattan Beach and Brighton Beach seaside resorts.

September 1895 - August 1897
Volume: 7 Scrapbook 7
August 1897 - January 1898
Volume: 8 Scrapbook 8
January 1898 - July 1899
Volume: 9 Scrapbook 9
July 1899 - May 1900
Volume: 10 Scrapbook 10
May 1900 - January 1901
Volume: 11 Scrapbook 11
January 1901 - October 1901
Volume: 12 Scrapbook 12
October 1901 - August 1902
Volume: 13 Scrapbook 13
August 1902 - May 1903
Volume: 14 Scrapbook 14
May 1903 - September 1904
Volume: 15 Scrapbook 15
September 1904 - November 1905
Volume: 16 Scrapbook 16
November 1905 - August 1906
Volume: 17 Scrapbook 17
August 1906 - July 1907
Volume: 18 Scrapbook 18
July 1907 - July 1908
Volume: 19 Scrapbook 19
July 1908 - May 1909
Volume: 20 Scrapbook 20

Scope and Contents

This scrapbook documents Sherrill's time as Ambassador to Argentina.

May 1909 - July 1910
Volume: 21 Scrapbook 21

Scope and Contents

This scrapbook documents Sherrill's time as Ambassador to Argentina.

July 1910 - March 1912
Volume: 22 Scrapbook 22
April 1912 - December 1912
Volume: 23 Scrapbook 23
January 1913 - July 1914
Volume: 24 Scrapbook 24

Scope and Contents

The main subject of this volume is World War I.

July 1914 - January 1916
Volume: 25 Scrapbook 25

Scope and Contents

The main subject of this volume is World War I.

January 1916 - May 1917
Volume: 26 Scrapbook 26

Scope and Contents

This volume focuses on Sherrill's appointment to Adjutant General of New York State, head of the NY National Guard.

May 1917 - January 1919
Volume: 27 Scrapbook 27

Scope and Contents

Labeled "Far East," this volume focuses on China, Korea, Japan, and the Phillipines. It also includes photos and ephemera from the Sherrill family's stopover in Hawaii.

January 1919 - September 1920
Volume: 28 Scrapbook 28
September 1920 - January 1923
Volume: 29 Scrapbook 29
January 1923 - January 1925
Volume: 30 Scrapbook 30
January 1925 - February 1927
Volume: 31 Scrapbook 31
February 1927 - August 1928
Volume: 32 Scrapbook 32
August 1928 - June 1930
Volume: 33 Scrapbook 33
June 1930 - October 1931
Volume: 34 Scrapbook 34

Scope and Contents

Labeled "Turkey," this volume focuses on Sherrill's time as Ambassador to Turkey.

October 1931 - October 1933
Volume: 35 Scrapbook 35

Scope and Contents

This volume covers Sherrill's IOC activities regarding Jewish participation in the 1936 Berlin Olympics, including his interactions with Hitler and Nazi officials.

October 1933 - 1936
Volume: 36 Scrapbook 36

Scope and Contents

This volume includes Sherrill's obituary, tributes, articles about his death, and letters of condolence addressed to his wife.

1936-1937
Volume: 37 Genealogy Scrapbook
1902-1903
Volume: 38 Genealogy Scrapbook
1904-1906
Volume: 39 Postcard Scrapbook - Argentina, Brazil, Portugal, and Spain
circa 1909-1910
Volume: 40 Postcard Scrapbook - England
1913
Volume: 41 Postcard Scrapbook - England
circa 1913
Volume: 42 Postcard Scrapbook - Germany
1914
Volume: 43 Theater Scrapbook
1884-1888
Volume: 44 Scrapbook of illustrations

Scope and Contents

includes miscellaneous illustrations, including a few hand-drawn cartoons.

undated

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