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Guide to the
David G. and Karen D. Chapman Collection of
Photographs of "Famous People of the Old West"
circa 1872-1910
 PR 375

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
(212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Joseph Ditta

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on August 22, 2019
English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Chapman, David G.
Title: David G. and Karen D. Chapman collection of photographs of "Famous People of the Old West"
Dates [inclusive]: circa 1872-1910
Abstract: A collection of 73 photographs purportedly depicting notorious gunfighters, famous lawmen, and other notable figures of the American Old West of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, such as Jesse James, "Doc" Holliday, Wyatt Earp, "Wild Bill" Hickok, and "Buffalo Bill" Cody. The collection was assembled and identified by the late David G. Chapman, an artist, photographer, and reenactor of lawman Bat Masterson. Includes an inventory with image dimensions and a report of compiled biographies of the subjects, and an unrelated, Victorian-era lace paper Valentine's Day card.
Quantity: 1.25 Linear feet (66 tintypes, 4 cartes-de-visite, and 3 cabinet photographs in a three-ring binder and a foamcore enclosure, housed in one flat box).
Call Phrase: PR 375

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Biographical / Historical

The assembler of the present collection, David G. Chapman (deceased) was born in New York City, where he attended the High School of Art and Design (1960–1964) and the School of Visual Arts (1964–1968). As an artist he specialized in illustrating the human anatomy. As a collector of historic photographs he focused on notable figures from the American Old West. Chapman was also a costumed reenactor of lawman Bartholemew William Barclay "Bat" Masterson (1853–1921), basing his interpretation on the writings of Masterson scholar Robert K. DeArment. [For more on Chapman and his qualifications, see the curriculum vitae and letter at the front of the three-ring binder housing the present collection of photographs.]

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Scope and Contents

The David G. and Karen D. Chapman Collection of Photographs of "Famous People of the Old West" contains 66 tintypes, 4 cartes-de-visite, and 3 cabinet photographs, none of which bear markings or notations to reveal their subjects, but which the donors have identified as the following historical lawmen, outlaws, notable figures, and women who took part in the often violent settlement of the American Old West during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These identifications have not been confirmed.

Lawmen
• Charlie Bassett
• William Milton "Billy" Breakenridge (1846–1931)
• Timothy Isaiah Courtright, a.k.a. "Jim Courtright," "Longhair Jim," "Big Jim Courtright" (1848–1887)
• Lawrence Edward Deger (1845–1924)
• Virgil Walter Earp (1843–1905)
• Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (1848–1929)
• "Turkey Creek" Jack Johnson [John Blunt?] (1852–1887)
• Chris Madsen [Christen Madsen Rørmose] (1851–1944)
• Bartholemew William Barclay "Bat" Masterson (1853–1921)
• Edward John "Ed" Masterson (1852–1878)
• Michael Francis "Frank" McClain (1854–1902)
• Mike Meagher (1843–1881)
• Robert H. "Bob" Paul (1831–1901)
• Allan Pinkerton (1819–1884)
• John Henry Selman (1839–1896)
• Thomas James "Bear River" Smith (1830–1870)
• Dallas Stoudenmire (1845–1882)
• Henry Andrew "Heck" Thomas (1850–1912)
• Ben Thompson (1843–1884)
• William Matthew "Bill" Tilghman Jr. (1854–1924)

 Outlaws
• William "Curly Bill" Brocius (1845–1882)
• Abraham G. Graham, a.k.a. "Shotgun John Collins" (1851–1922)
• Robert Newton Ford (1862–1892)
• John Wesley Hardin (1853–1895)
• Alexander Franklin "Frank" James (1843–1915)
• Jesse Woodson James (1847–1882)
• William Preston "Wild Bill" Longley (1851–1878)
• Luke L. Short (1854–1893)
• Frank C. Stilwell (1856–1882)
• John Wilson "Texas Jack" or "Shoot-Your-Eye-Out" Vermillion (1842–1911)

 Notable figures
• Chalkley Beeson (1855–1912)
• William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody (1846–1917)
• James Cooksey Earp (1841–1926)
• Morgan Seth Earp (1851–1882)
• John Escapule (1856–1926)
• Camillus "Buck" Sydney Fly [C.S. Fly] (1849–1901)
• William H. Harris (1845–1895)
• James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok (1837–1876)
• Benjamin J. Hodges (1880–1920?)
• John Henry "Doc" Holliday (1851–1887)
• John Baker "Texas Jack" Omohundro (1846–1880)
• Charles H. "Colorado Charlie" Utter (circa 1838–1912)

Women
• Ellen "Nellie" Cashman (1845–1925)
• Celia Ann "Mattie" Blaylock [Earp] (1850–1888)
• Josephine Sarah "Sadie" (Marcus) Earp (1861–1944)
• Urilla (Sutherland) Earp (1850–1870)

Arrangement

The collection is housed in a single, flat box. Images 1 through 70, and 72–73 (called "items" in the container list, below) are stored in protective sheets in a three-ring binder. These images are affixed to their respective pages and may not be removed from the binder. Image 71, which is oversize, is protected by a foamcore enclosure and laid at the bottom of the box. Titles in the container list are copied from those given by the donors' inventory in Folder 1; in some cases these vary slightly from the identification stickers on the image sleeves, which occasionally expand a subject's name or supply fuller details. When available, the archivist has provided the accepted versions of each subject's name, plus his or her life dates, in a note following each item in the container list.

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Access Points

Document Type

  • Cabinet photographs
  • Cartes-de-visite (card photographs)
  • Tintypes (prints)

Subject Topics

  • Gunfighters
  • Outlaws -- West (U.S.)
  • West (U.S.)

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Open to qualified researchers.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to twenty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. (Researchers may not accrue unused copy amounts from previous days.)

Conditions Governing Use

Permission to reproduce any Print Room holdings through publication must be obtained from: Rights and Reproductions, The New-York Historical Society, 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024. Phone: (212) 873-3400 ext. 270. Fax: (212) 579-8794.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as the David G. and Karen D. Chapman Collection of Photographs of "Famous People of the Old West," PR-375, Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections, The New-York Historical Society.

Immediate Source of Acquisition: Tintypes and supporting documentation

Gift of Karen D. Chapman, Thomas A. Chapman, and Heidi D. Bravo, September 2018 (accession no. PPAC-2018-051).

Credit line for exhibitions: "Gift of David G. and Karen D. Chapman."

Immediate Source of Acquisition: Valentine's Day card

Gift of Karen D. Chapman, 2019 (accession no. PPAC-2019-010).

Credit line for exhibitions: "Gift of Karen D. Chapman and family in memory of the Lane, Driscoll, and Chapman families of Beverly, Massachusetts."

Processing Information

Processed by Joseph Ditta, December 2018-January 2019.

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Container List

Container 1     Title Date
Item: 1 Charlie Bassett

Scope and Contents

Tintype, 1 & 6/16" (W) x 1 & 10/16" (L).

undated
Item: 2 Chalkley Beeson

Scope and Contents

Chalkley Beeson (1855–1912).
Tintype, 2 & 1/16" (W) x 3.25" (L).

undated
Item: 3 Chalkley Beeson

Scope and Contents

Chalkley Beeson (1855–1912).
Tintype, 1 & 7/8" (W) x 2 & 5/16" (L).

undated
Item: 4 Billy Breakenridge

Scope and Contents

William Milton "Billy" Breakenridge (1846–1931).
Tintype, 2 & 7/16" (W) x 3 & 7/16" (L).

undated
Item: 5 Curly Bill Brocius

Scope and Contents

William "Curly Bill" Brocius (1845–1882).
Tintype, 2 & 5/16" (W) x 3 & 5/8" (L).

undated
Item: 6 Curly Bill Brocius

Scope and Contents

William "Curly Bill" Brocius (1845–1882).
Tintype, 1 & 13/16" (W) x 2.75" (L).

undated
Item: 7 Nellie Cashman

Scope and Contents

Ellen "Nellie" Cashman (1845–1925).
Tintype, 2 & 9/16" (W) x 3 & 13/16" (L).

1882-1883
Item: 8 Buffalo Bill Cody

Scope and Contents

William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody (1846–1917).
Tintype, 1" (W) x 1 & 9/16" (L).

undated
Item: 9 Buffalo Bill Cody

Scope and Contents

William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody (1846–1917).
Tintype, 1.5" (W) x 2" (L).

undated
Item: 10 Shotgun John Collins "Butch"

Scope and Contents

Abraham G. Graham, a.k.a. "Shotgun John Collins" (1851–1922).
Tintype, 2-and-5/8" (W) x 4-and-1/16" (L).

undated
Item: 11 Jim Courtright

Scope and Contents

Timothy Isaiah Courtright, a.k.a. "Jim Courtright," "Longhair Jim," "Big Jim Courtright" (1848–1887).
Tintype, 2.25" (W) x 3 & 5/8" (L).

undated
Item: 12 Marshall Larry Deger

Scope and Contents

Lawrence Edward Deger (1845–1924).
Tintype, 2.25" (W) x 3 & 13/16" (L).

undated
Item: 13 James Earp

Scope and Contents

James Cooksey Earp (1841–1926).
Tintype, 2 & 5/16" (W) x 3 & 3/8" (L).

undated
Item: 14 Josephine Marcus Earp

Scope and Contents

Josephine Sarah "Sadie" (Marcus) Earp (1861–1944).
Tintype, 2 & 3/8" (W) x 3 & 5/8" (L).

undated
Item: 15 Josephine Marcus Earp

Scope and Contents

Josephine Sarah "Sadie" (Marcus) Earp (1861–1944).
Tintype, 2 & 3/8" (W) x 4 & 1/16" (L).

undated
Item: 16 Mattie Blaylock Earp

Scope and Contents

Celia Ann "Mattie" Blaylock [Earp] (1850–1888).
Carte-de-visite, 2 & 3/8" (W) x 3 & 5/8" (L).
Verso advertisement for "The Kilmarnock Photographic Gallery / A. McGregor / 46 King Street [no city] / Negatives Kept. Copies Can Always Be Had."

undated
Item: 17 Morgan Earp

Scope and Contents

Morgan Seth Earp (1851–1882).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3.5" (L).

undated
Item: 18 Urilla Sutherland Earp

Scope and Contents

Urilla (Sutherland) Earp (1850–1870).
Tintype, 1 & 11/16" (W) x 1.5" (L).

undated
Item: 19 Virgil Earp

Scope and Contents

Virgil Walter Earp (1843–1905).
Carte-de-visite, 2 & 3/8" (W) x 3 & 13/16" (L).
Verso advertisement for "Hagedorn & Suden, Jefferson City & Butler, Mo. / First-Class work Guaranteed. / Negatives retained for future orders for half price. Photographs and Ambrotypes enlarged in Oil, Crayon, Ink, Pastelle and Water Colors, to Life Size."

undated
Item: 20 Wyatt Earp

Scope and Contents

Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (1848–1929).
Tintype, 1 & 15/16" (W) x 3.25" (L).

undated
Item: 21 Wyatt Earp

Scope and Contents

Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (1848–1929).
Tintype, 2 & 1/16" (W) x 3" (L).

undated
Item: 22 Wyatt Earp

Scope and Contents

Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (1848–1929).
Cabinet photograph, 3 & 7/8" (W) x 5 & 9/16" (L).

1890-1900
Item: 23 John Escapule

Scope and Contents

John Escapule (1856–1926).
Tintype, 1 & 7/16" (W) x 2" (L).

undated
Item: 24 John Escapule

Scope and Contents

John Escapule (1856–1926).
Tintype, 2 & 3/8" (W) x 3 & 13/16" (L).

undated
Item: 25 C.S. Fly

Scope and Contents

Camillus "Buck" Sydney Fly (1849–1901).
Carte-de-visite, 2 & 3/8" (W) x 4 & 1/16" (L).
Verso advertisement for "Melander, Photographer / 208 Ohio St., Cor. Clark, CHICAGO."

undated
Item: 26 Bob Ford

Scope and Contents

Robert Newton Ford (1862–1892).
Tintype, 6 & 3/8" (W) x 8 & 3/8" (L).

undated
Item: 27 Bob Ford

Scope and Contents

Robert Newton Ford (1862–1892).
Tintype, 2 & 5/16" (W) x 3 & 3/8" (L).

undated
Item: 28 John Wesley Hardin

Scope and Contents

John Wesley Hardin (1853–1895).
Tintype, 1 & 1/16" (W) x 1 & 11/16" (L).

undated
Item: 29 John Wesley Hardin

Scope and Contents

John Wesley Hardin (1853–1895).
Tintype, 2 & 1/8" (W) x 3" (L).

undated
Item: 30 John Wesley Hardin

Scope and Contents

John Wesley Hardin (1853–1895).
Tintype, 2 & 1/8" (W) x 3 & 3/8" (L).

undated
Item: 31 W. H. Harris

Scope and Contents

William H. Harris (1845–1895).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3.5" (L).

undated
Item: 32 Bill Hickok

Scope and Contents

James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok (1837–1876).
Tintype, 2 & 7/16" (W) x 3 & 13/16" (L).

undated
Item: 33 Bill Hickok

Scope and Contents

James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok (1837–1876).
Tintype, 2 & 5/8" (W) x 3 & 13/16" (L).

undated
Item: 34 Sheriff Benjamin J. Hodges

Scope and Contents

Benjamin J. Hodges (1880–1920?).
Tintype, 2 & 6/16" (W) x 3 & 7/16" (L).

undated
Item: 35 Doc J.H. Holliday

Scope and Contents

John Henry "Doc" Holliday (1851–1887).
Carte-de-visite, 2 & 3/8" (W) x 3 & 5/8" (L).
Verso advertisement for "Le Roy & Terrill, Artists, Youngstown, O."

1880-1881?
Item: 36 Doc Holliday and Wyatt Earp

Scope and Contents

John Henry "Doc" Holliday (1851–1887) and Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (1848–1929).
Tintype, 2.25" (W) x 3 & 3/8" (L).

undated
Item: 37 Doc Henry Holliday

Scope and Contents

John Henry "Doc" Holliday (1851–1887).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3.75" (L).

undated
Item: 38 Doc John Henry Holliday

Scope and Contents

John Henry "Doc" Holliday (1851–1887).
Tintype, 2 & 1/16" (W) x 3 & 1/16" (L).

undated
Item: 39 Doc Holliday and Wyatt Earp

Scope and Contents

John Henry "Doc" Holliday (1851–1887) and Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (1848–1929).
Tintype, 2 & 7/16" (W) x 3 & 3/8" (L).

undated
Item: 40 Frank James with member of family

Scope and Contents

Alexander Franklin "Frank" James (1843–1915).
Tintype, 2.25" (W) x 3.25" (L).

undated
Item: 41 Jesse James

Scope and Contents

Jesse Woodson James (1847–1882).
Tintype, 1 & 1/8" (W) x 1.25" (L).

undated
Item: 42 Turkey Creek Jack Johnson

Scope and Contents

"Turkey Creek" Jack Johnson (John Blunt?) (1852–1887).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3 & 7/8" (L).

circa 1875-1880
Item: 43 Turkey Creek Jack Johnson

Scope and Contents

"Turkey Creek" Jack Johnson (John Blunt?) (1852–1887).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3 & 13/16" (L).

undated
Item: 44 Turkey Creek Jack Johnson

Scope and Contents

"Turkey Creek" Jack Johnson (John Blunt?) (1852–1887).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3 & 7/8" (L).

undated
Item: 45 Turkey Creek Jack Johnson

Scope and Contents

"Turkey Creek" Jack Johnson (John Blunt?) (1852–1887).
Tintype, 1.75" (W) x 2.25" (L).

undated
Item: 46 Bill Longley

Scope and Contents

William Preston "Wild Bill" Longley (1851–1878).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3.75" (L).

undated
Item: 47 Marshall Christian Madsen

Scope and Contents

Christen Madsen Rørmose (1851–1944).
Cabinet photograph, 4 & 1/6" (W) x 5.75" (L).
Verso advertisement for "Parcell / North Side Square / Kirksville, Mo."

undated
Item: 48 Marshall Christian Madsen

Scope and Contents

Christen Madsen Rørmose (1851–1944).
Tintype, 2.25" (W) x 3 & 5/8" (L).

undated
Item: 49 Bat Masterson

Scope and Contents

Bartholemew William Barclay "Bat" Masterson (1853–1921).
Tintype, 2 & 9/16" (W) x 3 & 7/16" (L).

1872-1874
Item: 50 Bat Masterson

Scope and Contents

Bartholemew William Barclay "Bat" Masterson (1853–1921).
Tintype, 4 & 7/8" (W) x 6 & 7/8" (L).

undated
Item: 51 Bat Masterson and Emma Walker Masterson

Scope and Contents

Bartholemew William Barclay "Bat" Masterson (1853–1921).
Tintype, 3 & 7/16" (W) x 2.5" (L).

1900-1910
Item: 52 Edward Masterson

Scope and Contents

Edward John "Ed" Masterson (1852–1878).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3.5" (L).

undated
Item: 53 Frank McLain

Scope and Contents

Michael Francis "Frank" McClain (1854–1902).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3.5" (L).

undated
Item: 54 Marshall Mike Meagher

Scope and Contents

Mike Meagher (1843–1881).
Tintype, 2 & 7/16" (W) x 3 & 13/16" (L).

undated
Item: 55 Marshall Mike Meagher

Scope and Contents

Mike Meagher (1843–1881).
Tintype, 2 & 7/16" (W) x 3 & 5/8" (L).

undated
Item: 56 Marshall Mike Meagher

Scope and Contents

Mike Meagher (1843–1881).
Tintype, 2 & 3/8" (W) x 3 & 3/8" (L).

undated
Item: 57 Texas Jack Omohundro

Scope and Contents

John Baker "Texas Jack" Omohundro (1846–1880).
Tintype, 2 & 11/16" (W) x 4.25" (L).

undated
Item: 58 Marshall Bob Paul

Scope and Contents

Robert H. "Bob" Paul (1831–1901).
Tintype, 2 & 7/16" (W) x 3.5" (L).

undated
Item: 59 Allen [sic] Pinkerton

Scope and Contents

Allan Pinkerton (1819–1884).
Tintype, 1.5" (W) x 2 & 1/16" (L).

undated
Item: 60 Sheriff John Selman

Scope and Contents

John Henry Selman (1839–1896).
Tintype, 2 & 6/16" (W) x 3.25" (L).

undated
Item: 61 Sheriff John Selman

Scope and Contents

John Henry Selman (1839–1896).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3 & 7/16" (L).

undated
Item: 62 Constable/Sheriff John Selman

Scope and Contents

John Henry Selman (1839–1896).
Tintype, 2.5" (W) x 3.5" (L).

undated
Item: 63 Luke Short

Scope and Contents

Luke L. Short (1854–1893).
Tintype, 2 & 7/16" (W) x 3 & 5/16" (L).

undated
Item: 64 Marshall Tom Bear River Smith

Scope and Contents

Thomas James "Bear River" Smith (1830–1870).
Tintype, 1 & 15/16" (W) x 2 & 7/16" (L).

undated
Item: 65 Frank Stilwell

Scope and Contents

Frank C. Stilwell (1856–1882).
Tintype, 2 & 1/8" (W) x 2 & 15/16" (L).

undated
Item: 66 Marshall Dallas Stoudenmire

Scope and Contents

Dallas Stoudenmire (1845–1882).
Tintype, 2 & 5/16" (W) x 3 & 9/16" (L).

undated
Item: 67 Marshall Dallas Stoudenmire

Scope and Contents

Dallas Stoudenmire (1845–1882).
Tintype, 2 & 9/16" (W) x 3 & 5/16" (L).

undated
Item: 68 Marshall Dallas Stoudenmire and family

Scope and Contents

Dallas Stoudenmire (1845–1882).
Tintype, 1 & 11/16" (W) x 2" (L).

undated
Item: 69 Marshall Heck Thomas

Scope and Contents

Henry Andrew "Heck" Thomas (1850–1912).
Tintype, 3 & 3/8" (W) x 5" (L).

undated
Item: 70 Marshall Ben Thompson

Scope and Contents

Ben Thompson (1843–1884).
Cabinet photograph, 4 & 5/8" (W) x 6 & 7/16" (L).

undated
Item: 71 (oversize) Marshall William (Bill) Tilghman

Scope and Contents

William Matthew "Bill" Tilghman Jr. (1854–1924).
Tintype, 10 & 1/8" (W) x 14 & 1/16" (L).

undated
Item: 72 Charlie Utter

Scope and Contents

Charles H. "Colorado Charlie" Utter (circa 1838–1912).
Tintype, 1 & 11/16" (W) x 2 & 7/16" (L).

undated
Item: 73 Texas Jack Vermillion

Scope and Contents

John Wilson "Texas Jack" or "Shoot-Your-Eye-Out" Vermillion (1842–1911).
Tintype, 2 & 6/16" (W) x 3 & 5/8" (L).

undated
Folder: 1 Inventory | David G. Chapman's and Karen D. Chapman's Tintype Collection: "Famous Men of the Old West"

Scope and Contents

Numerical list of the photographs in the collection (the numbers correspond to those on the image sleeves), with dimensions of each item in inches. 2 pages.

2018 July 30
Folder: 2 Report | Karen D. Chapman, Report on the Tintypes of "Famous People of the Old West"

Scope and Contents

Includes reproductions of the photographs in the collection compared with similar images found online and elsewhere, with brief biographical sketches of the subjects. 25 pages.

2018 August 4
Folder: 3 Valentine's Day card

Scope and Contents

Unrelated, Victorian-era lace paper Valentine's Day card. Opens to reveal printed sentiment: "Not sunlight in its prime, / Nor moonlight's gentle rays / Is half so fair as Love, / Which brightens day by day."

undated

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