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Guide to the Grace and Max Granich Papers and Photographs TAM 255

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Peter Meyer Filardo, 2003; edited to reflect addendum by Rachel Schimke, 2012

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on May 09, 2018
Description is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Source - dnr: Walker, Gina Luria, 1942-
Source - dnr: Nestle, Marion
Title: Grace and Max Granich Papers and Photographs
Dates [inclusive]: 1920s-1998
Abstract: Grace Granich was the secretary for Earl Browder, the head of the Communist Party, USA. In the 1930s, she traveled to the Soviet Union and to Shanghai, China, where she served as a liaison to Chinese radicals, notably Agnes Smedley. She also edited The Voice of China (her husband Max Granich was its publisher), the organ of the League for National Salvation, headed by Mme. Sun Yat Sen. During World War II she headed Intercontinent News, a Communist Party news agency. Max (Manny) Granich was the younger brother of writer Michael Gold and served as chauffeur to Earl Browder. Following World War II, the Graniches distanced themselves from the CPUSA and in 1946 founded Higley Hill Camp (Wilmington, Vermont), a left-wing summer camp for children, which they ran until 1964. The collection contains typescripts, oral history transcripts, correspondence, clippings, government reports, photographs, and some ephemera and research notes and materials that document Grace and Max Granich's involvement with the Communist Party and Higley Hill Camp.
Quantity: 1.75 Linear Feet in 1 record carton and 2 manuscript boxes
Call Phrase: TAM 255

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Historical/Biographical Note

Grace (b. Maul) Granich (1895-1971) was a key administrative figure in the national office of the Communist Party, USA (CPUSA) from 1930 to 1945, serving as secretary to CPUSA General Secretary Earl Browder and as a member of the Organization Department. On behalf of the CPUSA and the Communist International (Comintern), she traveled to the Soviet Union in 1930-1931, and in 1935-1937, to Shanghai, China, where she served as a liaison to Chinese radicals, notably Agnes Smedley. She also edited The Voice of China (her husband Max Granich was its publisher), the organ of the League for National Salvation, headed by Mme. Sun Yat Sen. During World War II she headed Intercontinent News, a CPUSA news agency, and served as a foreign agent for Service Universel de Presse (Moscow).

Max (Manny) Granich (1896-1987) was the younger brother of writer Michael Gold (b. Itzok Granich). He joined the Industrial Workers of the World in 1917, participating in several agricultural organizing campaigns in California. He joined the Communist Party sometime in the late 1920s, married Grace Maul and accompanied her to Soviet Union, where he did engineering work, and to China. Upon their return, he served as chauffeur and bodyguard for Earl Browder, and (through 1942) as Managing Editor of China Today. Following the postwar expulsion of Earl Browder, the Graniches distanced themselves from the CPUSA and in 1946 founded Higley Hill Camp (Wilmington, Vermont), a left-wing summer camp for children, which they ran until 1964. Grace Granich died in an automobile accident in 1971. In the 1970s, Max Granich was active in the Chinese-American Friendship Association and led tours to the People's Republic of China. In the early 1980s, he recorded a lengthy oral history and began work on a memoir. He died in 1987.

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Scope and Content Note

The collection contains typescripts, oral history transcripts, correspondence, clippings, government reports, photographs, and some ephemera and research notes and materials. There is an autobiographical typescript by Grace Granich, approximately 100 pp., largely concerned with her experiences in China (along with a three-page outline of a planned autobiography covering her entire life). There is also a transcript of an oral history interview with Max Granich (607 pp.), covering his life through the 1970s, and a combined typescript-transcript, apparently the beginnings of a memoir. Shanghai police and U.S. Consular and State Department reports document the Graniches' China activities. The correspondence principally covers Grace Granich's World War II press work, much of it concerned with her registration as a foreign agent for Service Universel de Presse (Moscow), including numerous telegrams to/from Moscow; their time at and the administration of Higley Hill Camp (including letters from Herbert Aptheker and Pete Seeger); and their trips to Mexico. Other Higley Hill materials include research notes and correspondence by Higley Hill alumna Gina Luria Walker for a proposed autobiographical memoir, approximately 75 black and white photographs of the camp and campers, and ephemera and memorabilia. There is also a small amount of material related to the writer and poet Rewi Alley, who was a CPUSA member and a friend of Grace and Max when they lived in Shanghai to edit and publish Voice of China.

Arrangement

The folders are arranged alphabetically.

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Granich, Max, 1896-1987
  • Alley, Rewi, 1897-1987
  • Granich, Grace, 1895-1971
  • Browder, Earl, 1891-1973
  • Smedley, Agnes, 1892-1950
  • McDermott, John
  • Walker, Gina Luria, 1942-
  • Donefer, Eugene
  • Donefer, Vera
  • Nestle, Marion

Document Type

  • Transcripts.
  • Typescripts.
  • Photographs.
  • Printed ephemera.
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Correspondence.
  • Oral histories (document genres)
  • Notes.
  • Telegrams.
  • Reports.

Subject Organizations

  • Service Universel de Presse (Moscow, Soviet Union)
  • Russian News Agency
  • Communist Party of the United States of America
  • Higley Hill Camp (Wilmington, Vt.)

Subject Topics

  • Communism -- China.
  • Women communists -- United States.
  • Communism -- United States.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive has no information about copyright ownership for this collection and is not authorized to grant permission to publish or reproduce materials from it. Materials in this collection, which were created in circa 1920-1998, are expected to enter the public domain in 2118.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Grace and Max Granich Papers and Photographs; TAM 255; Box number; Folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Archival Materials at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Archives

Higley Hill Camp Records (TAM.447 )
Peter Hall Higley Hill Camp Photographs (PHOTOS 239)
Marion Nestle Higley Hill Camp Photographs (PHOTOS 239)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of John McDermott, 1991. Additional material was donated by Gina Luria Walker in 2001. Mailing list (1998), alumni newsletter, and letter (1971) donated by Marion Nestle, 2008. Additional donation of clippings, photographs, and Rewi Alley materials by Eugene and Vera Donefer in 2012. The accession numbers associated with these gifts are 1991.006, 1991.012, 2012.084 and NPA.2003.073.

Processing Information

Photographs were separated from this collection during initial processing and were established as a separate collection, the Grace and Max Granich Photographs (PHOTOS 103). In 2013, the photograph collection was reincorporated into the Grace and Max Granich Papers and Photographs.

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Container List

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Alley, Rewi
1982-1987
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Biographical
1927-1929, 1952, 1972-1987
Box: 1 Folder : 3 China: Shanghai Municipal Police Reports
1936-1937
Box: 1 Folder : 4 China: US Government Reports (Consulate General, State Department)
1936-1937
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Clippings
1927-1957
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1939
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1941
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1942
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1943
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1944
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1965-1968, 1971-1972, 1982-1983, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Correspondence: Granich, Carl (son)
1961
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Correspondence: Foreign Agent Registration
1942-1944 , 1952
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Correspondence: Intercontinent News Service
1941-1943
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Correspondence: Mexico
1956-1961
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Correspondence: RUNAG (Russian News Agency) - via cable
1941
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Correspondence: SUPRESS (Service Universel de Presse) - via cable
ca.1943-1944
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Granich, Grace: Autobiographical Typescript
ca.1970-1971
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Granich, Manny: Autobiographical Typescript (based upon oral history interview) - approx. 150 pp.
ca.1983
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Granich, Manny: Oral History Transcript, pp. 1-150
ca.1981-1982
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Granich, Manny: Oral History Transcript, pp. 151-300
ca.1981-1982
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Granich, Manny: Oral History Transcript, pp. 301-450
ca.1981-1982
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Granich, Manny: Oral History Transcript, pp. 451-607
ca.1981-1982
Box: 1 Folder : 24 Higley Hill Camp Correspondence
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Higley Hill Camp Correspondence
1954-1964 , 1983
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Higley Hill Camp Ephemera
ca.1954-1960 , 1998
Box: 2 Higley Hill Camp Photographs
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 27 Higley Hill Camp: Walker, Gina Luria - Correspondence and Research Material
1988-1993
Box: 3 Photographs: Portraits, Family, Nature Scenes, and Photographs by Tina Modotti
1920s, undated

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