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Guide to the Alfred and Hortense Wagenknecht and Helen and Carl Winter Family Papers TAM 583

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Peter Meyer Filardo, Nicole M. Greenhouse, Hanan Ohayon

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on June 22, 2018
Description is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Title: Alfred Wagenknecht and Hortense Allison and Helen and Carl Winter Family Papers
Dates: circa 1890-2002
Abstract: Carl Winter (1906-1991) and Helen Winter (1908-2001) were Communist Party USA activists and officials. Carl Winter was the Chair of the Communist Party of Michigan, was convicted in 1949 under the Smith Act of conspiracy to overthrow the government of the U.S., served three years in prison, and later became the editor of the Party's newspaper, The Worker. His wife Helen was a Smith Act defendant and daughter of Alfred Wagenknecht (1881-1956), a leading member of the Socialist Party, and later a charter member of the Communist Party USA. The collection contains correspondence, including Carl Winter's prison correspondence, family correspondence including that of Alfred Wagenknecht with his wife Hortense and daughters during the 1920s; some documentation of the political activity of Wagenknecht; clippings, most related to Helen Winter's Smith Act trial, and to the Winters' Michigan activism; Detroit Police Department Red Squad files on Carl and Helen Winter; FBI files; speeches; legal documents; Communist Party of Michigan printed ephemera; Allison family materials (the maternal branch of Helen's family); writings; interview transcripts; commemorative and memorial materials and memorabilia, and photographs.
Quantity: 12.75 Linear Feet in 7 record cartons, 3 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize flat boxes
Language: Materials are in English, with some postcards in German.
Call Phrase: TAM 583

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Historical/Biographical Note

Carl Winter (1906-1991) and Helen Winter (1908-2001) were Communist Party USA activists and officials. Beginning in 1936, Carl Winter held leading posts in the CPUSA in Ohio, Minnesota and California. From 1945 until the mid-1960s, he was Chairman and District Organizer, and Helen Winter was Secretary, of the Communist Party of Michigan. During the McCarthy era, their positions in the CPUSA led to their arrests and indictments, and Carl Winter's imprisonment for three and a half years, under the Smith Act for conspiracy to overthrow the government of the U.S. After his release from prison in 1955, and the dismissal of charges against Helen Winter in 1958, they resumed leading roles in the Communist Party of Michigan and were both named to the National Committee of the CPUSA. In 1966, they moved to New York City where Carl Winter was editor-in-chief of The Worker, and co-editor of the  Daily World. Helen Winter served as the International Affairs Secretary of the CPUSA, and was a founding member of the U.S. Peace Council. Both were members of the CPUSA's Political Bureau. In 1980, Carl Winter left his editorial post and became Chairperson of the CPUSA's Central Review Commission. That year the Winters returned to Detroit, where Carl Winter was active in developing the Midwest Labor Institute for Social Studies and Helen Winter operated Global Books.

Carl Winter was arrested on July 20, 1948 and tried and convicted with eleven other national leaders of the CPUSA under the Smith Act in what became known as The United States vs. Dennis. Winter was represented by George Crockett, an African-American attorney, leading member of the National Lawyer's Guild, and future Detroit circuit court judge and United States Congressman from Michigan. Helen Winter was arrested in 1952, and tried and convicted under the Smith Act with five other leading members of the Michigan Communist Party. The trial was appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States, and charges were dismissed in 1957. Throughout her husband's imprisonment and her own trial, Helen Winter helped organize campaigns on behalf of Smith Act defendants through the National Committee to Win Amnesty for the Smith Act Victims, Families of the Smith Act Victims, and the Civil Rights Congress of Michigan.

Hortense Allison and Alfred Wagenknecht (1881-1956) were leaders of the Socialist Party of America in Washington State in the early twentieth century. In 1913, the family moved to Cleveland, where Wagenknecht was State Secretary of the Ohio Socialist Party. As a result of his active opposition to World War I, he was arrested and imprisoned in 1917 with Charles Ruthenberg in Canton, Ohio. In 1919, Wagenknecht presided over the founding convention, and was named National Secretary, of the Communist Labor Party of America, one of two organizations that would eventually merge to create the CPUSA. In 1924 Wagenknecht managed the fundraising drive for the Daily Worker and helped lead the 1926 strike of textile workers in Passaic, New Jersey.

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Scope and Content

The collection contains legal documents, clippings (primarily related to Helen Winter's Smith Act trial), Detroit Police Department Red Squad files on Carl and Helen Winter from the 1940s and 1950s, Communist Party of Michigan and CPUSA printed ephemera and internal documents, writings (published and unpublished), speeches, notebooks, oral histories, photographs, and correspondence, including Carl Winter's prison correspondence with his family and attorneys from the early 1950s. The collection also includes correspondence between Alfred Wagenknecht, his wife Hortense and his daughters, mostly from the 1920s; documentary photographs and negatives from Wagenknecht's trips to London and Germany in 1922, and the Phillipines, China and Japan in 1924; and a scrapbook (circa 1910-1930) of Wagenknecht-Allison family photographs.

Arrangement

The records are arranged in two series, which have been further arranged in subseries. The series and subseries arrangement of the records is as follows:

Series 1, Alfred Wagenknecht and Hortense Allison Correspondence and Photographs
Subseries 1, Correspondence
Subseries 2, Images and Memorabilia

Series 2, Carl and Helen Winter Papers
Subseries 1, Biographical and Memorabilia
Subseries 2, Correspondence
Subseries 3, Political Activities
Subseries 4, Smith Act Trials and Defense
Subseries 5, Photographs

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Winter, Helen, 1908-2001
  • Winter, Carl, 1906-1991
  • Wagenknecht, Alfred
  • Abt, John J.
  • Crockett, George W.
  • Young, Coleman A.
  • Hortense , Allison
  • Artt, Michele

Document Type

  • Scrapbooks.
  • Printed ephemera.
  • Legal documents.
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Correspondence.

Subject Organizations

  • Communist Party of the United States of America (Mich.)
  • Communist Party of the United States of America

Subject Topics

  • Women communists -- United States.
  • Communists -- United States.
  • Communism -- Michigan.
  • Communist trials -- United States.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Any rights (including copyright and related rights to publicity and privacy) held by Alfred Wagenknecht and Hortense Allison and Helen and Carl Winter were transferred to New York University in 2011 by Michele Artt. Permission to publish or reproduce materials in this collection must be secured from the Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive. Please contact tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Alfred and Hortense Wagenknecht and Carl and Helen Winter Family Papers; TAM 583; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Archival Materials

Communist Party of the United States of America Records (TAM 132)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Michele Stone Artt in 2011; additional materials were found in the repostiory in 2014. The accession numbers associated with this gift are 2011.072, 2011.073, 2011.099, and 2014.038.

Processing Information

No original order was apparent in the collection upon receipt. Materials were grouped into folders, arranged into series and subseries, and described by the archivist.

Photographs were separated from this collection during initial processing and were established as a separate collection, the Carl and Helen Winter Photographs (PHOTOS 103). In 2013, the photograph collection was reincorporated into the Carl and Helen Winter and Alfred and Hortense Wagenknecht Family Papers and Photographs.

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Container List

I, Alfred Wagenknecht and Hortense Allison Correspondence, Photographs, and Other Material

Scope and Contents

This series contains correspondence, photographs, postcards and memorabilia created or collected by Alfred Wagenknecht and his wife Hortense Allison Wagenknecht mostly in the 1910s-1930s. Correspondence consists primarily of letters from the 1920s between Alfred and Hortense. Letters provide details of Alfred Wagenknecht's professional work for the Communist Party USA, the Communist International (Comintern), and the Jimmy Higgins Bookshop in Greenwich Village, managed by Wagenknecht's brother-in-law, Elmer Allison. Includes letters and related photographs from a trip by Wagenknecht to Germany for a conference in 1922 as a delegate of American Friends of Soviet Russia, and to visit his hometown of Goerlitz. Letters from 1926 provide details of Wagenknecht's work as one of the CPUSA's organizers of the Passaic Textile Strike. Many of the travel, documentary and street photographs in this series appear to have been taken by Alfred Wagenknecht himself and include annotations on their backs. These include photographs from a trip to the Philippines, China and Japan in 1924. Several of these photographs were published in the Communist Party's Workers Monthly, including a photograph of Sun Yat Sen. Photographs from his 1922 trip to Europe include a series documenting a demonstration in Berlin the day after the assassination of Walter Rathenau, and several photographs that include Willi Munzenberg, an organizer of Workers International Relief. This series also includes a photo album documenting the Wagenknecht-Allison family between 1919 and 1925, as well as studio portraits and passport pictures of Wagenknecht and others, postcards from travels to Germany and Asia, and negatives.

I, Correspondence

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Allison, Hortense [General]
1924-1926, 1937
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Allison, O.P. [Brother of Hortense Allison]: Letter to Mother
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Wagenknecht, Alfred with Gene Allison, Gertrude Allison, Helen Allison, Ruth Allison
1922-1926, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Wagenknecht, Alfred with Hortense Allison
Jun 18, 1922-Jul 1925, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Wagenknecht, Alfred with Hortense Allison
Aug 1925
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Wagenknecht, Alfred with Hortense Allison
Sep 1925-Oct 1925
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Wagenknecht, Alfred with Hortense Allison
Nov 1925
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Wagenknecht, Alfred with Hortense Allison
Dec 1925
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Wagenknecht, Alfred with Hortense Allison
Jan 1926-Mar 1926
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Wagenknecht, Alfred with Hortense Allison
Apr 1926-Aug 1926
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Wagenknecht, Alfred: Postcards To [in German]
1949-1951, Undated

II, Images and Memorabilia

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 12 East Asia Trip: China [Wuchow, Hong Kong, Canton]
May 23, 1924-May 25, 1924
Box: 1 Folder : 13 East Asia Trip: China [Canton]
Jun 1924
Box: 1 Folder : 14 East Asia Trip: China [Soldaten in Canton, Published in Workers Monthly)
circa Jun 1924
Box: 1 Folder : 15 East Asia Trip: China [Includes Sun Yat Sen and Philippine Delegates to Canton, Published in Workers Monthly]
Jun 1924
Box: 1 Folder : 16 East Asia Trip: China -- Negatives
circa May 1924-Jul 1924
Box: 1 Folder : 17 East Asia Trip: China and Japan [Shanghai and Yokohama]
circa May 21, 1924
Box: 1 Folder : 18 East Asia Trip: China and Japan [Canton, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Kamakura, Kobe, Yokohama, Shimidzu, On Board the Empress]
Jun 1924-Jul 1924
Box: 1 Folder : 19 East Asia Trip: Hawaii [At Haleiwa Hotel and Mormon Temple Grounds, Honolulu]
May 5, 1924
Box: 1 Folder : 20 East Asia Trip: Japan [Yokohoma Earthquake, Tokyo Inmates]
circa Sep 1923-1924
Box: 1 Folder : 21 East Asia Trip: Miscellaneous
circa May 1924-Jul 1924
Box: 1 Folder : 22 East Asia Trip: Philippines
circa Jun 1924
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Europe Trip: Berlin [Demonstration]
Jun 25, 1922
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Europe Trip: Goerlitz
circa Jun 1922
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Europe Trip: Goerlitz
circa Jun 1922
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Europe Trip: London, Cherbourg, Hamburg, Berlin [Includes Olive Custance, Willi Munzenberg, Young Communist League Members]
circa Jun 1922-Jul 1922
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Europe Trip: Potsdam and Goerlitz [Includes Willi Munzenberg and Wife]
circa Jun 1922-Jul 1922
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Europe Trip: Ship, Germany
circa Jun 1922
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Europe Trip: Ship
circa 1922
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Europe Trip: Goerlitz -- Negatives
Jun 1922
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Europe Trip: Ship, England, Hamburg, Berlin -- Negatives
circa Jun 1922-Jul 1922
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Europe [?]: Miscellaneous -- Prints and Negatives
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Family Photograph Album [1 of 2]
circa 1919-1925
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Family Photograph Album [2 of 2]
1919-1925
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Family Photographs
circa 1920s-1930s
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Family Photographs -- Negatives
circa 1910s-1930s
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Memorabilia [Membership Cards, Passport, Certificate of Naturalization]
1889, 1910s-1940s
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Portraits
circa 1910s-1930s
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Postcards [Europe, Asia]
circa 1920s-1930s

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II, Helen and Carl Winter Papers

I, Biographical and Memorabilia

Scope and Contents

Series is comprised of biographical materials on and memorabilia belonging to Carl and Helen Winter, and other members of their families, including Helen Winter's parents Hortense Allison and Alfred Wagenknecht. Includes memorial programs, obituaries, clippings, condolence cards, biographies, oral histories, and honors. Genealogical materials collected by Judith Allison Walters include collections of poetry written by Elmer Allison, and compilations of early family letters.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 1 "A Life That Points The Way To The Future," People's Weekly World [Profile of Helen Winter]
Sep 3, 1994
Box: 3 Folder : 2 "A Message To Alison" [Hortense Allison]
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Allison, Elmer: Obituary
Jul 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Allison, Elmer: Poems and Writings
1921, 1943-1944
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Allison, Hortense: Haymarket-Centered Memoir
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Allison, Hortense: Memorials
1975
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Allison, Hortense: Portrait Of
Nov 1990
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Allison, Rose Rosen (Sister-in-law of Hortense Allison): Writings [Includes Eulogy for Elmer Allison]
1963-1977, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Allison Machado, Gertrude (Sister of Helen Winter): Obituaries
1993
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Allison Walters, Judith: Genealogical Materials
1905-2004
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Allison Walters, Judith: "Heartache and Heartbreak: Family Letters 1918-1931"
2000
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Allison Walters, Judith: "Our Puyallup Houses"
Jun 26, 1999
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Allison Walters, Judith: "Ozark Memories by Preston Johnson"
1973
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Allison Walters, Judith: "Poems By Elmer Allison"
1973
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Communist Party of Michigan: Welcome Back Celebration for Helen and Carl Winter
Dec 1983
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Communist Party USA: Gala Reception Honoring Carl and Helen Winter
Dec 1982-Feb 1983
Box: 3 Folder : 17 CPUSA: Lifetime Achievement Award for Helen Winter
Mar 1996
Box: 3 Folder : 18 CPUSA Central Committee: Unique Contribution Award to Helen and Carl Winter
Aug 13, 1987
Box: 3 Folder : 19 CPUSA Political Bureau: Invitation to Farewell to Helen and Carl Winter
Oct 28, 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 20 Connecticut District Communist Party: 63rd Anniversary Celebration of the Communist Party USA [Tribute to Helen and Carl Winter]
Dec 1982-Jun 1983
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Daily World: Tribute for John Pittman and Carl Winter
Apr 12, 1981
Box: 3 Folder : 22 Detroit City Council: Resolution In Memorium Helen Winter
Jan 25, 2005
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Johnson, Preston: "Pities Mr. Oswald" [Letter to the Editor]
Nov 1963
Box: 3 Folder : 24 Machado, Eduardo (Brother-in-law of Helen Winter): Memorials
1996
Box: 3 Folder : 25 Manfred, Erica: "I Was a Red Diaper Baby," New York Times Magazine
Nov 2, 1997
Box: 3 Folder : 26 Memorabilia [Includes Political Pins, Mementos from Travels]
circa 1950-1989
Box: 3 Folder : 27 People's Daily World: Certificate for Carl and Helen Winter
Jul 1, 1986
Box: 3 Folder : 28 Radio Moscow: Biography of Helen Winter [Russian Transcript and English Translation by Carl Winter]
circa 1956
Box: 3 Folder : 29 Tecla: To Women Mothers of the World [Artwork Inscribed to Helen Winter]
1983
Box: 3 Folder : 30 Wagenknecht, Alfred: Memorials
1956
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Weissberg, Lily: Pictured in Clipping from May Day in Cleveland Plain Dealer
May 12, 1912
Box: 3 Folder : 32 Winter, Carl: Biography [Fragment]
Undated
Oversize: 11 Winter, Carl: Detroit Urban League Distinguished Warrior Plaque
Feb 14, 1985
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Winter, Carl: Memorials [1 of 4]
Nov 1991-Apr 1992
Box: 3 Folder : 34 Winter, Carl: Memorials [2 of 4]
Nov 1991-Mar 1992
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Winter, Carl: Memorial [Includes Letter from Reverend Charles A. Hill] [3 of 4]
circa 1924-1991
Box: 3 Folder : 36 Winter, Carl: Memorial [Audio Tape of Remarks by George Crockett] [4 of 4]
Apr 5, 1992
Box: 3 Folder : 37 Winter, Carl: Oral Histories
1988, 1992
Box: 3 Folder : 38 Winter, Carl and Claude Lightfoot: Internment Ceremony at Waldheim Ceremony
May 1992
Oversize: 11 Winter, Carl and Helen Winter: High School Diplomas
Jun 20, 1924, Jun 19, 1925
Box: 3 Folder : 39 Winter, Helen: 85th Birthday Tribute in Detroit, Michigan [1 of 2]
Dec 1992-Feb 1993
Box: 3 Folder : 40 Winter, Helen: 85th Birthday Tribute in Detroit, Michigan [2 of 2]
Dec 1992-Feb 1993
Box: 3 Folder : 41 Winter, Helen: "A Glimpse Of The Past -- Working For The Future" (Draft of Article for People's Weekly World)
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 42 Winter, Helen: Memorials
2002
Box: 3 Folder : 43 Winter, Helen: Oral History [1 of 2]
1992-1993
Box: 3 Folder : 44 Winter, Helen: Oral History [2 of 2]
Nov 1992-May 1993
Box: 3 Folder : 45 Winter, Michele: Commencement Program From Marygrove College
May 16, 1982

II, Correspondence

Scope and Content Note

Series is comprised primarily of Carl and Helen Winter's correspondence during the period of their Smith Act trials from 1949 through the late-1950s, and Carl Winter's prison correspondence between 1951-1955. The series also includes Carl and Helen Winter's personal and professional correspondence from the 1960s-1990s.

Carl Winter's prison correspondence with wife Helen, daughter Michele, father Simon Weissberg, mother-in-law Hortense Allison, and attorneys George Crockett and John Abt, comprises a significant portion of the correspondence. The series also includes Helen Winter's correspondence with prison authorities on behalf of her husband, with her attorneys Ernest Goodman and John Abt, fellow Smith Act defendants, wives of CPUSA leaders, and the advocacy groups National Committee to Win Amnesty for the Smith Act Victims and Families of the Smith Act Victims. Other correspondents include Benjamin Davis, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, Gus Hall, Meridel Le Sueur, and Henry Winston. Formats include letters, telegrams, cards, and drawings by Michele Winter.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Allison, Gertude [Sister of Helen Winter]: Correspondence
Undated
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Allison, Hortense: Correspondence
1943-1953
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Allison, Hortense: Correspondence
1959-1975
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Allison, Hortense: Correspondence
Undated
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Allison Walters, Judith: Letter to Winter, Helen
Jan 3, 2001
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Aptheker, Herbert: Letter to Winter, Helen
Mar 16, 1954
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Ariyoshi, Koji [Hawaii Smith Act Defendant]: Letter to Winter, Helen
Mar 10, 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Bachrach, Marian: Letter to Winter, Helen
1952, 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Cassidy, David: Letter to Judge Harold Medina
Sep 16, 1949
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Christoffel, Ann: Letter to Patterson, William [Civil Rights Congress]
Jun 26, 1954
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Columbus County Committee Communist Party, Ohio: Letter to the Winter Family
Dec 21, 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Crane, Henry [Central Methodist Church]: Letter to Winter, Carl
Dec 17, 1956
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Abt, John
1953-1957
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Bachrach, Marion
Jan 28, 1953, May 15, 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 15 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Davis, Benjamin
Jul 30, 1951, Sep 5, 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 16 Crockett, George: Letter to Dennis, Eugene
Jul 30, 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 17 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Gannet, Betty
Jan 19, 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 18 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Green, Abner [American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born]
Jan 1953-Feb 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 19 Crockett, George: Letter to Perry, Pettis
Jan 12, 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 20 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Prison Authorities
1951-1954
Box: 4 Folder : 21 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Rabinowitz, Victor
Dec 1954-Feb 1955
Box: 4 Folder : 22 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Stachel, Jack
Jul 1951-Sep 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 23 Crockett, George: Correspondence with United States Board of Parole
Jan 1953-Mar 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 24 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Williamson, Mae
Jan 28, 1953, Feb 19, 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 25 Crockett, George: Letter to Winter, Carl and Helen Winter
Feb 4, 1983
Box: 4 Folder : 26 Crockett, George: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
1951-1955
Box: 4 Folder : 27 Dave White Section [Detroit]: Letter to Gurley-Flynn, Elizabeth
Oct 1, 1949
Box: 4 Folder : 28 Davis, Benjamin: Letter to Winter, Carl
circa 1956
Box: 4 Folder : 29 Flynn, Katherine [Relative of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn]: Holiday Drawing for Carl Winter
Dec 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 30 Ganley, Ann: Letter to Winter, Carl
Oct 3, 1949
Box: 4 Folder : 31 Ganley, Patty: Letter to Winter, Carl
Oct 1949
Box: 4 Folder : 32 Gurley Flynn, Elizabeth: Correspondence with Winter, Carl
circa 1949, Dec 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 33 Hall, Arvo: Postcard to Winter, Michele
Undated
Box: 4 Folder : 34 Hall, Elizabeth: Letters to Winter, Helen
Dec 27, 1952, Sep 2, 1954
Box: 4 Folder : 35 Hall, Gus and Henry Winston: Letter to Allison, Hortense [Re: Lenin Centennial Memorial Medal]
Mar 4, 1971
Box: 4 Folder : 36 Ishdorzh, S. [Mongolian People's Party]: Letter to Winter, Carl
Mar 4, 1966
Box: 4 Folder : 37 Le Sueur, Meridel: Letter to Dennis, Peggy
Jul 13, 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 38 Le Sueur, Meridel: Letter to Winter, Carl
Sep 1949
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Licht, Mary: Letter to Winter, Helen
Oct 28, 1993
Box: 4 Folder : 40 McKie, Bill: Correspondence with Winter, Carl
1949, 1953, 1954
Box: 4 Folder : 41 McKie, Bill: Letter to Winter, Helen
Dec 8, 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 42 Pomeroy, Bill: Letter to Winter, Helen [Re: Phillipines Communist Party]
Feb 10, 1993
Box: 4 Folder : 43 Rubin, Daniel: Letter to Becchetti, Arnold
Undated
Box: 4 Folder : 44 Rust, Fritz: Letter to Winter, Carl
Mar 10, 1955
Box: 4 Folder : 45 US Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons: Letter to Allison, Hortense
Oct 7, 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 46 Wagenknecht, Alfred: Correspondence with Winter, Carl and Helen Winter
1956
Box: 4 Folder : 47 Weissberg, Simon: Letter to Allison, Hortense
Sep 21, 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 48 Weissberg, Simon: Correspondence with Prison Authorities
1951, 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 49 Williamson, John: Correspondence with Isserman, Abraham [Attorney]
Mar 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 50 Winter, Carl: Cards [1 of 2]
1949-1954, undated
Box: 4 Folder : 51 Winter, Carl: Cards [2 of 2]
1953
Box: 4 Folder : 52 Winter, Carl: Postcards and Letters
Sept 13, 1949-Sep 28, 1949
Box: 4 Folder : 53 Winter, Carl: Telegrams
Sep 13, 1949-Oct 19, 1949
Box: 4 Folder : 54 Winter, Carl: Correspondence [John Williamson, Carl Stellato, Daniel Rubin, James Jackson and Louis Weinstock, Carl Haessler]
1956-1966
Box: 4 Folder : 55 Winter, Carl: Correspondence [Young Workers Liberation League, Betty Smith, Harry Mensh, Lou Diskin and Phil Bart, Danny Rubin, Arnold Becchetti, Scott Marshall]
1980-1985
Box: 4 Folder : 56 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Abt, John
Sep 1951-Dec 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 57 Winter, Carl: Letter to Alameda County Educational Committee of CPUSA [Party Standards]
Jun 1982
Box: 4 Folder : 58 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Allison, Hortense
1951
Box: 4 Folder : 59 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Allison, Hortense
1952
Box: 4 Folder : 60 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Allison, Hortense
1953
Box: 4 Folder : 61 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Allison, Hortense
1954-1955
Box: 4 Folder : 62 Winter, Carl: Letter to Bennett, James [Director of Bureau of Prisons]
Jul 15, 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 63 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Crockett, George [Attorney]
1951
Box: 4 Folder : 64 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Crockett, George
1952
Box: 4 Folder : 65 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Crockett, George
1953
Box: 4 Folder : 66 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Crockett, George
1954
Box: 4 Folder : 67 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Goodman, Ernest [Attorney]
Jun 6, 1952, Dec 8, 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 68 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Hall, Gus
1980-1986
Box: 4 Folder : 69 Winter, Carl: Telegram From Isserman, Abraham
Jul 27, 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 70 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with McPhaul, Arthur [Michigan Civil Rights Congress]
Jul 28, 1951, Aug 8, 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 71 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Parry, Will [Midwest Labor Institute]
1984-1985
Box: 4 Folder : 72 Winter, Carl: Telegrams from Saypol, Irving [United States Attorney]
Jun 28, 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 73 Winter, Carl: Requests for Speaking Engagements and Information
1958-1964
Box: 4 Folder : 74 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Weissberg, Simon
1950-Dec 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 75 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Weissberg, Simon
1952
Box: 4 Folder : 76 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Weissberg, Simon
1953
Box: 4 Folder : 77 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Weissberg, Simon
1954-Feb 1955
Box: 4 Folder : 78 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with West, Jim [Party Leadership Standards]
1985-1986
Box: 4 Folder : 79 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winston, Henry
1983, 1984
Box: 4 Folder : 80 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen and Michele Winter
Oct 1949-May 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 81 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Jul 1951-Aug 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 82 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Sep 1951-Oct 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 83 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Nov 1951-Dec 1951
Box: 4 Folder : 84 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Jan 1952-Feb 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 85 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Mar 1952-Apr 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 86 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
May 1952-Jun 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 87 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Jul 1952-Aug 1952
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Sep 1952-Oct 1952
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Nov 1952-Dec 1952
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Jan 1953-Feb 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Mar 1953-Apr 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
May 1953-Jun 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Jul 1953-Aug 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Sep 1953-Oct 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Nov 1953-Dec 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Jan 1954-Feb 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Mar 1954-Apr 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
May 1954-Jun 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Jul 1954-Aug 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 13 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Sep 1954-Oct 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Nov 1954-Dec 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 15 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen
Jan 1955-Feb 1955
Box: 5 Folder : 16 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Helen (Typed Out Transcripts of Letters)
Aug 1952-Aug 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 17 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Michele
1949
Box: 5 Folder : 18 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Michele
Jul 1951-Dec 1951
Box: 5 Folder : 19 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Michele
Jan 1952-Jun 1952
Box: 5 Folder : 20 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Michele
Jul 1952-Dec 1952
Box: 5 Folder : 21 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Michele
Jan 1953-Jun 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 22 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Michele
Jul 1953-Dec 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 23 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Michele
Jan 1954-Jun 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 24 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Michele
Jul 1954-Dec 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 25 Winter, Carl: Correspondence with Winter, Michele
Jan 1955-Feb 1955, undated
Box: 5 Folder : 26 Winter, Helen: Cards
circa 1952-1956
Box: 5 Folder : 27 Winter, Helen: Correspondence, Chronological
Circa 1949-1990s
Box: 5 Folder : 28 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Abt, John
1952, 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 29 Winter, Helen: Letter to Allison, Gene; Hortense Allison; Ruth Allison
Undated
Box: 5 Folder : 30 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Barsky, Edward [National Committee to Win Amnesty For The Smith Act Victims]
1953
Box: 5 Folder : 31 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Begun, Isidore [National Committee To Win Amnesty For The Smith Act Victims]
Mar 2, 1953-Mar 3, 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 32 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Charney, Hattie [Families Of The Smith Act Victims]
1952, 1955
Box: 5 Folder : 33 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Davis, Nina
1954, 1955
Box: 5 Folder : 34 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Dennis, Peggy
1952-1955
Box: 5 Folder : 35 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Gallacher, William
1952, 1956
Box: 5 Folder : 36 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Goodman, Ernest [Attorney]
Jul 18, 1953, Oct 19, 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 37 Winter, Helen: Letter to Goodman, William [Re: Death of Ernest Goodman]
Apr 8, 1997
Box: 5 Folder : 38 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Green, Abner [National Committee To Win Amnesty For The Smith Act Victims]
Apr 1952-Feb 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 39 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Green, Lillian [Chicago Committee To Win Amnesty For The Smith Act Victims]
May 1952, Jun 1952
Box: 5 Folder : 40 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley
Oct 2, 1949-circa 1959
Box: 5 Folder : 41 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Haessler, Carl
1952
Box: 5 Folder : 42 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with House Un-American Activities Committee [HUAC]
Aug 1962
Box: 5 Folder : 43 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Johnson, Oakley C.
1963
Box: 5 Folder : 44 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Le Sueur, Meridel
1952, 1955
Box: 5 Folder : 45 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Mackie, Toini [Includes Book of Poems, "Rhymes Of My Times"]
Feb 1954, circa 1990-1999
Box: 5 Folder : 46 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Minneapolis Chapter Civil Rights Congress [Alma Foley; Includes Copy of Skit by Irene Paull on Arrest of Helen Winter]
1953, 1956
Box: 5 Folder : 47 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with National Capital Area Civil Liberties Union/American Civil Liberties Union [Re: House Un-Americans Activities Committee Subpoena]
Jul 1962
Box: 5 Folder : 48 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Perry, Rose [Families of the Smith Act Victims]
Jul 1952-Jun 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 49 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Prison Authorities
Jul 1951-Dec 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Ross, Ken [Co-Producer, "1913 Massacre" Documentary]
Mar 2001-May 2001
Box: 5 Folder : 51 Winter, Helen: Letter to Rubin, Danny [Wills to CPUSA]
May 23, 1992
Box: 5 Folder : 52 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with United States Immigration and Naturalization Service [Gertrude Allison Machado]
1975
Box: 5 Folder : 53 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Wayne State University Law School Repository [Donation of Transcripts of United States vs. Dennis]
Dec 1993
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Weissberg, Simon
1950-1955, Undated
Box: 5 Folder : 55 Winter, Helen: Correspondence with Williamson, Mae
1952-1955
Box: 5 Folder : 56 Winter, Michele: Correspondence
1950-1960

III, Political Activities

Scope and Content Note

Series documents the political activities of Carl and Helen Winter, and Hortense Allison, between the 1930s and 1990s, and is comprised of notes from meetings and conferences, drafts, articles, and speeches by Carl and Helen Winter; CPUSA memos, reports and ephemera; investigative files collected by the Detroit Police Department's "Red Squad" on Carl and Helen Winter between the mid-1940s and mid-1970s; teaching materials; memorabilia; and memorials for Detroit-area and CPUSA activists.

Materials were generated and collected during Carl Winter's work as Chairman of the Michigan Communist Party in the 1940s and 1950s, as a journalist and editor of The Worker from the 1960s-1980s, as a founder of the Midwest Labor Institute for Social Studies in the 1980s, and through his participation on the CPUSA's Political Bureau and Central Review Commission. Helen Winter's notes from conferences, convention materials, articles and speeches are primarily from her work as International Affairs Secretary of the CPUSA, member of the CPUSA's Political Bureau, founding member of the U.S. Peace Council, and proprietor of Global Books.

Materials related to Carl and Helen Winter's arrests and trials under the Smith Act can be found in the Smith Act Trials and Defense Work series.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 1 "A Tribute To Ernest Goodman"
Dec 13, 1980
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Action! Motown '97
Jun 1997
Box: 6 Folder : 3 AFL-CIO: Solidarity Day Certificate
Jan 18, 1982
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Allison, Hortense: Speeches and Writings
1969, 1971, Undated
Box: 6 Folder : 5 American Civil Liberties Union, Metropolitan Detroit Branch: "A Tribute to George W. Crockett Jr."
Sep 1995
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Center For Marxist Education: Charles And Margaret Krumbein Scholarship Fund
Undated
Box: 6 Folder : 7 "Chain Letter To Ike"
circa 1952
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Cheprakov, V.: "Classes In Present Day Capitalist Society" (Translated From Communist No. 5, 1959)
Apr 1960
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Chicago Committee To Defend The Bill Of Rights
Oct 2, 1963
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Clippings
1956-circa 1999
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Columbia College Chicago -- Paul Robeson 100th Birthday Committee: "Paul Robeson Rediscovered: An Annotated Listing Of His Chicago History, 1921-1958"
2000
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Communist Party of Columbia
1971
Box: 6 Folder : 13 Communist Party of Michigan
Nov 1950
Box: 6 Folder : 14 Communist Party of Soviet Union
Jun 1974
Box: 6 Folder : 15 Communist Party of Venezuela
Undated
Box: 6 Folder : 16 Communist Party of Washington State [Women's Committee Report]
circa 1969
Box: 6 Folder : 17 CPUSA -- 25th National Convention [1 of 4]
Jul 1991-Oct 1991
Box: 6 Folder : 18 CPUSA -- 25th National Convention [2 of 4]
1991
Box: 6 Folder : 19 CPUSA -- 25th National Convention [3 of 4]
1991
Box: 6 Folder : 20 CPUSA -- 25th National Convention [4 of 4]
Dec 1991
Box: 6 Folder : 21 CPUSA -- 27th National Convention [Keynote Address by Sam Webb and Other Documents]
2001
Box: 6 Folder : 22 CPUSA: "Auto Industry and Political Economy" [Lesson Book]
Jan 1957
Box: 6 Folder : 23 CPUSA: "C.I. Resolution on Negro Problem in US" (TS, 10 pp)
Undated
Box: 6 Folder : 24 CPUSA: Draft Trade Union Program
circa 1986
Box: 6 Folder : 25 CPUSA: Funds for the Future Campaign
1995
Box: 6 Folder : 26 CPUSA: Michigan Hall-Davis-Webb-Frankie Campaign '84 Report
Nov 1984
Box: 6 Folder : 27 CPUSA: New Member Materials
1998
Box: 6 Folder : 28 CPUSA Constitution Committee
circa 1990, Undated
Box: 6 Folder : 29 CPUSA Control Commission: Communist Party Standards
1978-1985
Box: 6 Folder : 30 CPUSA Lecture and Information Bureau: "Marxism and the World Today" Discussion Guide
1960s
Box: 6 Folder : 31 CPUSA Political Bureau: "Political Bureau Resolution on Making a Turn in its Work"
Jun 1981
Box: 6 Folder : 32 CPUSA Second Extraordinary Conference
1982
Box: 6 Folder : 33 CPUSA Workers Circuit Schools: Notes for Teachers and Other Materials
1985
Box: 6 Folder : 34 CPUSA Young Workers Liberation League: "Why Nixon Must Go!"
circa 1974
Box: 6 Folder : 35 Corvalan, Luis: Article in Nouvel Observateur (Transcription)
circa 1977
Box: 6 Folder : 36 Crockett, George: Memorial and Obituaries For
1997
Box: 6 Folder : 37 Dennis, Eugene: "On Uniting and Strengthening the Party and its Mass Work" (Draft Resolution to National Committee of CPUSA)
circa 1958
Box: 6 Folder : 38 Detroit Urban League: Distinguished Warriors (Carl Winter)
1985-1990
Box: 6 Folder : 39 Detroit Police Department Red Squad: Copies of Index Cards Summarizing Surveillance of Carl Winter
Apr 1945-Jan 1972
Box: 6 Folder : 40 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter: Biography and Photos
circa 1950-1959
Box: 6 Folder : 41 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1945-1948, Undated
Box: 6 Folder : 42 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1949
Box: 6 Folder : 43 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1950
Box: 6 Folder : 44 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1957
Box: 6 Folder : 45 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1958
Box: 6 Folder : 46 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1951
Box: 6 Folder : 47 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1952-1956
Box: 6 Folder : 48 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1959
Box: 6 Folder : 49 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1960
Box: 6 Folder : 50 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1961
Box: 6 Folder : 51 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1962-1963
Box: 6 Folder : 52 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1964
Box: 6 Folder : 53 DPD Red Squad Files on Carl Winter
1965-1971
Box: 7 Folder : 1 DPD Red Squad: Copies of Index Cards Summarizing Surveillance of Helen Winter
1948-1972
Box: 7 Folder : 2 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1948-1951
Box: 7 Folder : 3 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1952
Box: 7 Folder : 4 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1953
Box: 7 Folder : 5 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1954
Box: 7 Folder : 6 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1955-1956
Box: 7 Folder : 7 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1957
Box: 7 Folder : 8 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1958
Box: 7 Folder : 9 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1959
Box: 7 Folder : 10 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1960
Box: 7 Folder : 11 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1961
Box: 7 Folder : 12 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1962
Box: 7 Folder : 13 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1963-1964
Box: 7 Folder : 14 DPD Red Squad Files on Helen Winter
1965-1974
Box: 7 Folder : 15 Federal Bureau of Investigation: File on Michele Stone [Michele Winter]
1965-1966, 1978
Box: 7 Folder : 16 Ford Hunger March Memorial Committee: Receipt Book [Louis Leny]
1959-1960
Box: 7 Folder : 17 Global Books Forum: Invitation to a Latin Cabaret
Undated
Box: 7 Folder : 18 Goodman, Ernest: "A Dialogue Between Gordon, an American Lawyer, and Petrovich, a Soviet Lawyer, at Moscow - 1963" [Proof and Final MS]
circa 1963
Box: 7 Folder : 19 Goodman, Ernest: "The Lion in Winter" [Profile in Detroit Free Press Magazine]
Dec 8, 1991
Box: 7 Folder : 20 Hall, Gus: "Gus Hall Revisited," The Community Dispatch
Jul 1999
Box: 7 Folder : 21 Hall, Gus: Memorial Program, Obituary, Remembrance by Helen Winter
Oct 2000-Nov 2000
Box: 7 Folder : 22 Hall, Gus: Student Questions From Speaking Tour With Notes by Carl Winter
circa 1960-1969
Box: 7 Folder : 23 Hall, Gus: "The Communist Party USA - Changing, Growing, Swimming in the Mainstream" [Report to the National Committee of the CPUSA]
Jan 17, 1998
Box: 7 Folder : 24 Hall, Gus and Henry Winston: Transcript of Soviet TV Interview With
1974
Box: 7 Folder : 25 Hate Mail Sent to Carl and Helen Winter
1961, Undated
Box: 7 Folder : 26 Helsinki World Youth Festival, July 28-Aug 6, 1962: Report On
1962
Box: 7 Folder : 27 Jagan, Janet: Letter from Gus Hall, Clipping On
1997
Box: 7 Folder : 28 Jewish People, Draft Resolution on Work Among [Includes Contributions by Jack Kling, Hy Lumer and Carl Winter]
1960
Box: 7 Folder : 29 The Jewish Question: Clips and Ephemera [Soviet Anti-Semitism, Nazism]
1956-1962
Box: 7 Folder : 30 Johnson, Oakley C.: "Campus Battles for Freedom in the Thirties," The Centennial Review
1970
Box: 7 Folder : 40 Le Sueur, Marian: Memorial Booklet For
1954
Box: 7 Folder : 41 "Life of the Party," City Pages [Profiles of Minnesota Communists Alma Foley, Meridel Le Sueur, Toini Mackie, and Helvi Savola]
Oct 6, 1999
Box: 7 Folder : 42 Lumer, Hy [?]: Political Economy I Syllabus
Apr 1961
Box: 7 Folder : 43 Machado, Eduardo (Brother-in-law of Helen Winter): Clippings, Memorial, "Testamento Politico de Eduardo Machado" [In Spanish]
1960s-1996
Box: 7 Folder : 44 Machado, Gustavo (Brother of Eduardo Machado): Transcript of TV Interview with Machado on Communism in Venezuela
circa 1963
Box: 7 Folder : 45 Mahaffey, Maryann: Memorials
2006, Undated
Box: 7 Folder : 46 Marxism-Leninism: An Introduction [Syllabus]
Undated
Box: 7 Folder : 47 Memorials and Tributes [Detroit Community and CPUSA Activists]
1977-2007
Box: 7 Folder : 48 Meyers, George: Eulogy For
circa 1999
Box: 7 Folder : 49 Meyers, George: "Better Red," Profile in Baltimore Sun
May 29, 1996
Box: 7 Folder : 50 "Michigan Militant" [Apparent Right Wing Group Calling for Death of Carl Winter and Other Michigan Radicals]
1964
Box: 7 Folder : 51 Michigan State Committee Communist Party: "Which Way to Peace" [Program Symposium on Events in Eastern Europe]
circa 1959
Box: 7 Folder : 52 Michigan Worker: Request for Information
Dec 10, 1963
Box: 7 Folder : 53 Midwest Labor Institute for Social Studies: Announcements, Press Clip
1988
Box: 7 Folder : 54 National Labor Youth League Conference: Proceedings of the Final Convention and Statement by Michigan Labor Youth League
1957
Box: 7 Folder : 55 National Negro Labor Council: 40th Reunion Materials and "A History" by Mindy Thompson
circa 1956, 1978, 1993
Box: 7 Folder : 56 "Peaceful Coexistence and the Ideological Struggle" (Editorial from Kommunist, no. 16)
1959
Box: 7 Folder : 57 Pollock, Sandy: Memorial Program, Remarks by Helen Winter and Letter to Sandy Pollock's Parents, Statement by CPUSA
Jan 1985-Feb 1985
Box: 7 Folder : 58 Progressive Youth Organizing Committee -- Detroit Conference, June 17-18 1961: Resolutions
1961
Box: 7 Folder : 59 Reference Center for Marxist Studies: News
Fall 1992
Box: 7 Folder : 60 Russian Language Notes and Clippings
1936, Undated
Box: 7 Folder : 61 Segal, Edith: "Peace and Jobs for Peace: Unemployed Americans Speak" [Poem]
Undated
Box: 7 Folder : 62 Smith, Lasker: "A Story Book About My Life" [Self Published Memoir by Detroit Activist]
circa 2000-2009
Box: 7 Folder : 63 Southern Conference Educational Fund: Memo Requesting Assistance for Rosa Parks in Detroit
Apr 17, 1964
Box: 7 Folder : 64 Tyner, Jarvis and Sam Webb: "James Jackson Jr. - An Appreciation"
Sep 11, 2007
Box: 7 Folder : 65 United Nations: International Year of Mobilization for Sanctions Against South Africa
1982
Box: 7 Folder : 66 U.S. Peace Council: A Detroit Tribute to Paul Robeson [With Transcript of Narration by Michele Stone Artt]
Nov 14, 1987
Box: 7 Folder : 67 U.S. Peace Council: Memorial Letter for Bernie Barth
2000
Box: 7 Folder : 68 U.S. Peace Council Michigan Chapter: Newsletter [Story by Helen Winter]
1984
Box: 7 Folder : 69 Wellman, Saul: Letter on Events in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union
Apr 1990
Box: 7 Folder : 70 "What is a Marxist Lenninist Home Library?"
circa 1950
Box: 7 Folder : 71 Whitty, Michael D.: "A Labor Revolutionary in Detroit" [Nat Ganley]
1976
Box: 7 Folder : 72 Winter, Carl: "A Guide to the Fight for Jobs or Income," Daily World
Apr 21, 1983
Box: 7 Folder : 73 Winter, Carl: Clippings About
circa 1940-1969
Box: 7 Folder : 74 Winter, Carl: "Club Education Outline on Struggle Against Unemployment and for Organization of the Unemployed"
Jun 1982
Box: 7 Folder : 75 Winter, Carl: Daily World Q & A Column
1977-1980
Box: 7 Folder : 76 Winter, Carl: Draft of Essay on History of National Movement of the Unemployed and National Hunger Marches
Undated
Box: 7 Folder : 77 Winter, Carl: "Great Decisions in Foreign Policy" (TS of Eight Essays)
Spring 1963
Box: 7 Folder : 78 Winter, Carl: "Historical Materialism and Class Struggle": Notes
circa 1960-1969
Box: 7 Folder : 79 Winter, Carl: Letter to the Editor of the Detroit Free Press on McCarran Act and Kennedy Assassination
1961, 1963
Box: 7 Folder : 80 Winter, Carl: Memo to Gus Hall with Comments on Hall's Report to Central Committee of CPUSA
Apr 19, 1980
Box: 8 Folder : 1 Winter, Carl [Michigan State Committee Communist Party]: Letter to Supporters on Campaign Against Mundt-Nixon Bill and Callahan Act
Jun 1948
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Winter, Carl [Michigan State Committee Communist Party]: "The Face of a Social Democrat: Walter Reuther" (TS)
1946
Box: 8 Folder : 3 Winter, Carl: "Memo on Petrov Outline of Contents for Proposed Book on History of CPUSA"
circa 1970-1979
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Winter, Carl: Miscellaneous Notes and Fragments
1981, Undated
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Winter, Carl: Nelson Mandela's Visit to Detroit: Guest Pass and Letter from Coleman Young
Jun 1990
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Winter, Carl: Notes and Syllabus for Class on Dialectical Materialism [National Training School]
Jul 1981
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Winter, Carl: Notes for Lecture on Unemployed Workers Movement of the 1930s
May 1975
Box: 8 Folder : 8 Winter, Carl: "Notes on a First Reading of Nemmy's Manuscript: 'Common Sense About Communism'" [Nemmy Sparks]
Mar 1961
Box: 8 Folder : 9 Winter, Carl: Press Passes for Conventions and Rallies
1958-1963, Undated
Box: 8 Folder : 10 Winter, Carl: "Production Forces and Production Relations in USA" [Notes and Reference Note Cards]
circa 1934
Box: 8 Folder : 11 Winter, Carl: Readings on Communists and the Trade Unions
circa 1980-1989
Box: 8 Folder : 12 Winter, Carl: Report to CPUSA on Trade Union Movement with Related Notes and Clippings
Dec 3, 1965
Box: 8 Folder : 13 Winter, Carl: Report to Michigan State Committee on Meeting of National Committee of CPUSA
Jun 5, 1956
Box: 8 Folder : 14 Winter, Carl: "Soviet Union and Real Socialism" [Lecture Notes for Class at Du Bois-Foster School of Marxism Leninism and Related Clip from Moscow News]
1977
Box: 8 Folder : 15 Winter, Carl: "Speech to Colloquium, Arranged by Marxist Institute and Anti-Imperialist Bulletin of FRG"
Oct 1978
Box: 8 Folder : 16 Winter, Carl: Speech to National Executive Board of CPUSA on Electoral Politics, Mass Movements and "New Politics" Movement
Apr 1968
Box: 8 Folder : 17 Winter, Carl: Statement of CPUSA in Advance of US-Soviet Summit
circa 1959
Box: 8 Folder : 18 Winter, Carl: Statement to National Committee of CPUSA on Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia
Sep 1969
Box: 8 Folder : 19 Winter, Carl: Teaching Materials for National School Class on Socialism
circa 1972
Box: 8 Folder : 20 Winter, Carl [?]: Typed Excerpts from Political Histories by George F. Kennan and Charles Burton Marshall
Undated
Box: 8 Folder : 21 Winter, Carl: "What We Can Learn From the 1930s," Party Affairs
Apr 1971
Box: 8 Folder : 22 Winter, Carl and Allan, William: Draft of an Article for the Michigan Daily Worker on Detroit Mayoral and City Council Elections
Nov 26, 1961
Box: 8 Folder : 23 Winter, Carl and Winter, Helen: Mailgram to President Reagan After the Film "The Day After" Protesting Nuclear Deployment
Nov 1983-Dec 1983
Box: 8 Folder : 24 Winter, Helen: 15th Anniversary of Global Books
1975
Box: 8 Folder : 25 Winter, Helen: Cards [General]
circa 1970-1979, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 25 Winter, Helen: Cards and Letter From Foreign Embassies and Individuals
1971-1983, Undated
Box: 8 Folder : 27 Winter, Helen: Chicago Daily Worker Forum: Report on 25th Congress of CPUSA [Notebook and Other Materials]
1976
Box: 8 Folder : 28 Winter, Helen: Clip with Photograph of Helen Winter Leading the 1933 May Day Parade in New York City
circa 1993
Box: 8 Folder : 29 Winter, Helen: Draft of Circular Letter for People's Weekly World
1990s
Box: 8 Folder : 30 Winter, Helen: "Ford Hunger March Inspired New Struggles," People's Weekly World
Mar 14, 1992
Box: 8 Folder : 31 Winter, Helen: International Conference for the Holding of Tripartite Talks for the Peace and Reunification of Korea: Conference Materials and Notes
1984
Box: 8 Folder : 32 Winter, Helen: "La Politica Exterior De Los Estados Unidos: Como Quisiera Que Fuera Los Trabajadores Norteamericanos" (Journal Article in Spanish)
circa 1970-1979
Box: 8 Folder : 33 Winter, Helen: Memorabilia from Trip to France for Congress of Parti Communiste Francais
May 1979
Box: 8 Folder : 34 Winter, Helen: Message from the Communist Party, USA [On the Death of Ruth First, African National Congress]
Oct 14, 1982
Box: 8 Folder : 35 Winter, Helen: Notes for Radio Moscow "Recollections"
Feb 14, 1979
Box: 8 Folder : 36 Winter, Helen: Notes for Speech on Ed Teixeira's 50th Birthday
circa 1982
Box: 8 Folder : 37 Winter, Helen: Notes for Speeches on Crisis in Poland and Related Materials
1982
Box: 8 Folder : 38 Winter, Helen: Notes for Speeches on Peace Movement and Foreign Policy
circa 1975-1981
Box: 8 Folder : 39 Winter, Helen: Notes from 25th Congress of the CPSU
Feb 1976-Mar 1976
Box: 8 Folder : 40 Winter, Helen: Notes from 25th National Convention of CPUSA
Dec 1991
Box: 8 Folder : 41 Winter, Helen: Notes from Conference in Sofia, Bulgaria and Questions from Radio Sofia on Georgi Dimitrov
Jun 1982
Box: 8 Folder : 42 Winter, Helen: Notes from CPUSA Conference in Washington, DC
Nov 1975
Box: 8 Folder : 43 Winter, Helen: Notes on CPUSA Meeting
Feb 15, 1977
Box: 8 Folder : 44 Winter, Helen: Notes on Meetings of Delegations of CPUSA and CPSU
1974
Box: 8 Folder : 45 Winter, Helen: Notes on National Alliance Against Racial and Political Repression Rally, April 30, 1993 [Includes Program]
May 1, 1993
Box: 8 Folder : 46 Winter, Helen: "On the Observance of the 30th Anniversary of the Victory Over Fascism" (Political Affairs or  Party Affairs [?])
1975
Box: 8 Folder : 47 Winter, Helen: Printed Materials and Clips Relating to the Peace Movement [New Stockholm Peace Appeal]
circa 1975-1977
Box: 8 Folder : 48 Winter, Helen: Remarks to Ideological Conference of CPUSA
1999
Box: 8 Folder : 49 Winter, Helen: Speech at Third Annual Dinner of Jewish Affairs
Jan 12, 1975
Box: 8 Folder : 50 Winter, Helen: Speech to German Communist Party
Oct 1978
Box: 8 Folder : 51 Winter, Helen: "Standards for Party Leadership," Party Affairs [With Letter from Reference Center for Marxist Studies]
Jan 1973, Aug 1993
Box: 8 Folder : 52 Winter, Helen: "The US People and Foreign Policy" [Draft of Article for World Marxist Review and Correspondence with John Pittman]
Dec 1975-Feb 1976
Box: 8 Folder : 53 Winter, Helen: World Assembly for Peace and Life, Against Nuclear War, Prague: Conference Materials
1983
Box: 8 Folder : 54 Young, Coleman: Memorial and Obituaries For
1997
Box: 8 Folder : 55 Young Communist League, USA: "Fight the New Right-Wing Congress - An Open Letter to the Youth and Student Movement ..."
circa 1990-1999
Box: 8 Folder : 56 The Working Woman, March 1933 [Helen Allison on Cover]
Mar 1933

IV, Smith Act Trials and Defense Work

Scope and Content Note

Series is comprised of legal documents, clippings, ephemera, writings, notes, and speeches generated and collected between the late-1940s and late-1950s primarily as a result of or related to Carl and Helen Winter's arrests and trials for violating the Smith Act, and Carl Winter's imprisonment. Legal documents include texts of opinions and petitions from Carl Winter's trial, Dennis vs. the United States, in Foley Square, New York, and Helen Winter's trial with five other leading members of Michigan's Communist Party, Saul Wellman et. al. vs. the United States of America, between 1953-1954. Includes ephemera from groups opposed to the Smith Act prosecutions including the Civil Rights Congress, Families of the Smith Act Victims, National Association to Win Amnesty for the Smith Act Victims, and the CPUSA.

Also includes Helen Winter's steno books from her trial and typescript of her closing remarks; notebooks kept by Carl Winter in prison; a petition by Benjamin Davis against segregation in the prisons; poems, including "A Letter to Carl"; Carl Winter's speech "12 x 12 Million"; and an apparently unpublished manuscript by Minnesota writer and activist Meridel Le Sueur entitled "Double Jeopardy" on the plight of families of Smith Act defendants. A comprehensive collection of clippings of press coverage from Detroit's tabloid press of Helen Winter's trial comprises a significant part of the series.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 8 Folder : 57 "The Amnesty Campaign" [4 Page Memo to National Committee to Win Amnesty for Smith Act Victims, Author Unknown]
circa Jun 1953
Box: 8 Folder : 58 Amter, Sadie Van Veen: "Women Courageous (Certain Lines for Helen Winter and Esther Jackson and Edna Winston)"
circa 1953
Box: 8 Folder : 59 Bachrach, Marion: Amnesty [With Attached Letter Signed by Six Michigan Smith Act Defendants]
1953
Box: 8 Folder : 60 Bloor, Ella Reeve: "Salute to the Wives of the Twelve Leaders" [3 page TS]
circa 1949
Box: 8 Folder : 61 Cattmar, Nell: "Millions of People Will Help Little Michele" [Letter to Helen Winter]
circa 1955
Box: 8 Folder : 62 Civil Rights Congress [New York]
circa 1949-1954
Box: 8 Folder : 63 Civil Rights Congress [Pittsburgh]: Pamphlet on Steve Nelson and Pennsylvania Smith Act Defendants
circa 1953
Box: 8 Folder : 64 Civil Rights Congress of Illinois [Claude Lightfoot]
1954
Box: 8 Folder : 65 Civil Rights Congress of Los Angeles: CRC Bulletin
Apr 1952
Box: 8 Folder : 66 Civil Rights Congress of Michigan [Smith Act Fight Back Campaign and Labor Defender]
circa 1948-1955
Box: 8 Folder : 67 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Carl Winter
April 1948-October 1949, 1956
Box: 8 Folder : 82 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Carl Winter
Feb. 27, 1955, Mar. 2, 1955
Box: 8 Folder : 68 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Mar 1952-Sep 1952
Box: 8 Folder : 69 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Oct 1952
Box: 8 Folder : 70 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Mar 1953, Sep 1953
Box: 8 Folder : 71 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Oct 1953
Box: 8 Folder : 72 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Nov 1, 1953-Nov 15, 1953
Box: 8 Folder : 73 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Nov 16, 1953-Nov 30, 1953
Box: 8 Folder : 74 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Dec 1, 1953-Dec 15, 1953
Box: 8 Folder : 75 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Dec 16, 1953-Dec 29, 1953
Box: 8 Folder : 76 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Jan 1954
Box: 8 Folder : 77 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Feb 1, 1954-Feb 15, 1954
Box: 8 Folder : 78 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Feb 16, 1954-Mar 1954
Box: 8 Folder : 79 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Aug 1958-Oct 1958
Box: 8 Folder : 80 Clippings: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Undated
Box: 8 Folder : 81 Clippings: Smith Act Trials
circa 1950-1959
Oversize: 11 Folder : 1 Clippings [Oversize]: Smith Act Trial of Carl Winter
1948-1949
Oversize: 11 Folder : 2 Clippings [Oversize]: Labor Defender: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
1953-1954
Oversize: 11 Folder : 3 Clippings [Oversize]: Smith Act of Helen Winter
Sep 1952-Oct 1952
Oversize: 11 Folder : 4 Clippings [Oversize]: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Sep 1953-Nov 1953
Oversize: 11 Folder : 5 Clippings [Oversize]: Smith Act Trial of Helen Winter
Dec 1953-Feb 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Committee to Keep McCarthyism Out of Michigan by Fighting Smith Act Persecutions [Civil Rights Congress]
Dec 1953-Jan 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Communist Party USA: Newsletter Containing Copy of Indictment of Twelve Communist Leaders
circa 1949
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Communist Party USA National Education Commission: "Outline on New Stage in Struggle for Peace" [Discussion Material]
May 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Connecticut Volunteers for Civil Rights
circa 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Crockett, George: "Memorandum Re: Second Indictment" [of Carl Winter]
Jan 22, 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Crockett, George [As Agent for Hortense Allison]: Receipt for Bond for Carl Winter
Mar 1, 1955
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Davis, Benjamin J. vs. Herbert Brownell, Attorney General of the United States and James Bennett, Director of the Bureau of Prisons: Petition Against Segregation in Prisons
circa 1950-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 8 Dennis, Eugene et al. vs. United States of America: Full Text Supreme Court Opinions in the Case of the Communist Leaders June 4, 1951 [Annotated by Carl Winter]
circa 1950-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 9 Dennis, Eugene et al. vs. USA: Motion for Leave to File Supplemental Petition for Rehearing and Supplemental Petition
Sep 27, 1951
Box: 9 Folder : 10 Dennis, Eugene et al. vs. USA: Petition for Leave to File and Memorandum of Amici Curiae in Support of Petition for Rehearing
Sep 27, 1951
Box: 9 Folder : 11 Dennis, Eugene et al. vs. USA: Petition of Defendants to the Honorable Judge Harold R. Medina
Mar 11, 1949
Box: 9 Folder : 12 Dennis, Peggy: Memo on Parole Petition for Smith Act Prisoners
circa 1950-1959
Box: 9 Folder : 13 Draft of Article for Press on Denial of Parole for Carl Winter and Other Communist Leaders [Revisions by Helen Winter]
circa 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 14 Essay on Response of American Public to Smith Act and Anticommunist Measures (3 pgs.; Author Unknown)
Jun 30, 1955
Box: 9 Folder : 15 Families of the Smith Act Victims (Michigan): Circulars, Press Release, Correspondence and Ephemera
1952-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 16 Families of the Smith Act Victims (Michigan): Hortense Allison's Notes On
1952-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 17 Families of the Smith Act Victims (National): Press Releases, Newsletters, Circulars, Summary of Proceedings from National Meeting and Other Ephemera
1952-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 18 Fehlhaber, Elmer: "The Dialectic of Providence" [15 pp. TS Dedicated to Detroit Smith Act Defendants]
Jan 12, 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 19 Gordon, David: "A Letter to Carl" [Two Typescripts of Poem]
circa 1951-1953
Box: 9 Folder : 20 Gordon, David: "Paul Robeson and Other Poems" [47 pp. MSS; Includes "A Letter to Carl"]
Dec 1951
Box: 9 Folder : 21 Harlien, Mary Ann: Notes for United Press Article on Helen Winter
circa 1953-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 22 Le Sueur, Meridel: "Double Jeopardy" [?] [TS for Pamphlet on Families of Smith and McCarran Act Victims with Edits by Helen Winter and Anna Ganley, 39 pp]
circa 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 23 Michigan Committee for Protection of the Foreign Born
1953-1955
Box: 9 Folder : 24 Michigan Council for Peace: News of Peace Newsletter, Flyer on Korean War
Jan 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 25 Michigan Committee to Win Amnesty for Smith Act Victims [Carl Haessler]
circa 1952-1953
Box: 9 Folder : 26 Michigan Smith Act Defendants: Holiday Cards
circa 1950-1959
Box: 9 Folder : 27 Michigan Smith Act Defendants and Families Committee: Latest Facts on the Appeal to the Supreme Court Against Michigan Smith Act Convictions
Mar 1956
Box: 9 Folder : 28 Michigan Smith Act Trial: List of Exhibits
circa 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 29 Michigan State Committee of the Communist Party: "For Defending Your Rights ... This Man Got 30 Days in Jail" [Carl Winter]
1948
Box: 9 Folder : 30 Minnesota Committee for Amnesty for the Smith Act Victims [Meridel Le Sueur]: Circular and Event Announcement
Jul 1952-Aug 1952
Box: 9 Folder : 31 Miscellaneous Smith Act Trial Materials
circa 1950-1959
Box: 9 Folder : 32 National Committee to Win Amnesty for Smith Act Victims
1952-1953
Box: 9 Folder : 33 Oral Argument of Dorothy Forest in Support of Motion to Dismiss the Indictment Against St. Louis Smith Act Defendants
Apr 17, 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 34 Organizing Committee for Prisoners Welfare Committee [Michigan]: Invitation to Social Evening and Birthday for Carl Winter
circa 1950-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 35 People's Conference to Repeal the McCarran Act: Petition to Congress to Repeal the McCarran Act
circa 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 36 Political Victim's Welfare Committee: Pamphlet on Chicago Smith Act Victims [Lilian Green and Doris Fine]
circa 1950-1959
Box: 9 Folder : 37 "Problem Offenders" [1 pg TS on Communist Prisoners, Author Unknown]
circa 1950-1959
Box: 9 Folder : 38 Provisional Committee for Amnesty for Benjamin J. Davis
1952
Box: 9 Folder : 39 Provisional Trade Union Committee for Repeal of the Smith Act
circa 1952
Box: 9 Folder : 40 Sacher, Harry: Press Release with Attached Letter to US Attorney General Protesting Discrimination Against African American Prisoners [Benjamin Davis]
Oct 1951
Box: 9 Folder : 41 "Some Legal Questions" [2 pp TS, Author Unknown]
circa 1953-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 42 Song Lyrics About McCarthyism and Smith Act Trials [Some by Helen Travis]
circa 1950-1959
Box: 9 Folder : 43 Sugar, Maurice: Invitation to Discussion on Smith Act
circa 1950-1959
Box: 9 Folder : 44 UAW-CIO (Michigan): Letters in Support of Michigan Smith Act Defendants from Amalgamated Local 351 and Ford Local 600
Feb 13, 1956
Box: 9 Folder : 45 UAW-CIO 14th Convention: Resolutions Against Smith Act and in Support of Amnesty
circa 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 46 United States District Court, Eastern District of Michigan: Notice of Opening of Smith Act Trial on October 13, 1953
Aug 28, 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 47 United States of America vs. William Z. Foster, et al.: Election Not to Serve Sentence Imposed
circa 1948-1949
Box: 9 Folder : 48 USA vs. Saul Laurence Wellman et al.
1953-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 49 USA vs. Carl Winter: Legal Documents [Includes Transcript of Proceedings]
1948-1956
Box: 9 Folder : 50 United States of America vs. Helen Mary Winter: Transcript of Proceedings on September 18, 1952
Sep 18, 1952
Box: 9 Folder : 51 Wellman, Peggy: Letter of Appeal to Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade
Feb 26, 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 52 Wellman, Saul, Nat Ganley, Tom Dennis, Billy Allan, Phil Schatz and Helen Winter: "Greetings From Smith Act Defendants"
circa Feb 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 53 Wellman, Saul Laurence et al. vs. United States of America: Appelants Supplemental Brief
Mar 2, 1955
Box: 9 Folder : 54 Wellman, Saul Laurence et al. vs. USA: Brief for Appellants [Filed by George Crockett and Ernest Goodman]
circa 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 55 Wellman, Saul Laurence et al. vs. USA: Memorandum for the Government
circa 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 56 Wellman, Saul Laurence, et al. vs. USA: Motion to Proceed Forma Pauperis and Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
circa 1956
Box: 9 Folder : 57 Wellman, Saul Laurence, et al. vs. USA: Notice to Dismiss Indictment and Cancel Bond
circa 1958
Box: 9 Folder : 58 Wellman, Saul Laurence, et al. vs. USA: On a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari to the US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit: Memorandum for the US
Feb 1956
Box: 9 Folder : 59 Wellman, Saul Laurence, et al. vs. USA: Order of Judge Frank Picard to Dismiss Indictment
Sep 16, 1958
Box: 9 Folder : 60 Wellman, Saul Laurence, et al. vs. USA: Petit Jury Panel
Oct 6, 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 61 Wellman, Saul Laurence, et al. vs. USA: Summary of the Activities of Helen Winter Drawn from Larger Government Document (19 pp)
circa 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 62 Wellman, Saul Laurence, et al. vs. USA: Court's Decision on Appeal [US Court of Appeals]
Nov 18, 1955
Box: 9 Folder : 63 Wellman, Saul Laurence, Thomas Dennis and Nat Ganley: Petition to Frank Picard to Voluntarily Dismiss Himself as Judge
Oct 21, 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 64 Winter, Carl: "12 Times 12 Million" [Speech to National Committee of CPUSA]
Dec 9, 1948
Box: 9 Folder : 65 Winter, Carl: Belongings Seized At Time of Arrest (List of) and "Crockett - 2/14.49 Examination of Carl Winter's Papers - At US District Courthouse"
Jul 20, 1948, Feb 14, 1949
Box: 9 Folder : 66 Winter, Carl: Correspondence Course Materials (Auto Technician) and Diploma in Toolmaking
circa 1951-1956
Box: 9 Folder : 67 Winter, Carl: Legal Services Agreement with George Crockett
Dec 9, 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 68 Winter, Carl: Notebook and Notes
Jul 1951-1955
Box: 9 Folder : 69 Winter, Carl: Notes Relating to Trial
Dec 31, 1952, Feb 6, 1953, Undated
Box: 9 Folder : 70 Winter, Carl: Notice of Warrant from United States Marshal, Southern District of NY; Notice of Detainer from United States Marshal, Topeka, Kansas
Mar 29, 1954, Oct 8, 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 71 Winter, Carl: Parole, Documents Relating to (Including Certificate of Conditional Release)
Dec 1952-Mar 1955
Box: 9 Folder : 72 Winter, Carl: Press Release on Forty-Sixth Birthday Celebration With Letters from Bill McKie, Maurice Sugar and Bob Travis
Sep 1952
Box: 9 Folder : 73 Winter, Carl: Prison Administration Forms and Newsletters
circa 1952-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 74 Winter, Carl: Prison Envelopes [Marked With Tally of Correspondence With Family and Attorneys]
circa 1951-circa 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 75 Winter, Carl: Prison Receipts and Accounting
1951-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 76 Winter, Carl: "Proposed Line for Smith Act Defense" [Interview; 5 pp]
Jun 18, 1949
Box: 9 Folder : 77 Winter, Carl: Subscription to Civil Rights Congress [Copy; Used as Exhibit]
Jun 30, 1950
Box: 9 Folder : 78 Winter, Helen: Accounting Notebook
1952-1954
Box: 9 Folder : 79 Winter, Helen: Appeal to Have Carl Winter Transferred to Prison in Milan, Michigan
Oct 1953-Nov 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 80 Winter, Helen: Description of Arrest Of (TS, 1 pg)
Undated
Box: 9 Folder : 81 Winter, Helen: Draft of Article on Helen Winter's Illness and Smith Act Trial
circa 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 82 Winter, Helen: Letter to the Editor of the Daily Worker [Draft]
circa 1950-1959
Box: 9 Folder : 83 Winter, Helen: Notes and Speeches from Amnesty Campaign for Carl Winter and Others
circa 1952
Box: 9 Folder : 84 Winter, Helen: Notes for Remarks at Dinner to Support Parole and Amnesty for Henry Winston and Gilbert Green
circa 1955-1956
Box: 9 Folder : 85 Winter, Helen: Notes From Michigan Smith Act Trial, Including Draft of Final Statement to Judge Frank Picard
circa Oct 1953- Feb 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 86 Winter, Helen: "Overt Acts" [Document from Michigan Smith Act Trial]
circa Oct 1953-Feb 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 87 Winter, Helen: Parole Appeal for Carl Winter
Feb 1953-Mar 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 88 Winter, Helen: Stenobooks From the Smith Act Trial
Nov 1953-Dec 1953
Box: 9 Folder : 89 Winter, Helen: Stenobooks From the Smith Act Trial
Dec 1953-Jan 1954
Box: 9 Folder : 90 Winter, Helen: Typescript of Closing Remarks of Billy Allan (Incomplete) and Helen Winter from Smith Act Trial
Feb 1954

V, Photographs

Scope and Content Note

This series includes negatives, black and white prints, and color prints of Carl and Helen Winter's political and professional activities, including events they attended, trips overseas on behalf of the CPUSA, campaigns and protests, as well as family photographs and portraits of CPUSA leaders. Photographs primarily document political and professional activities on behalf of the CPUSA and the Daily World, which Carl Winter edited, and include trips in the 1960s and 1970s to Mongolia, Romania, Germany, and France to cover the French General Strike in 1968, and photographs taken inside the  Daily World offices in New York City. Includes several photographs and negatives, apparently taken for the  Detroit News, of Carl and Helen Winter at the Leon Mosely demonstration in Detroit in June 1948. Family photographs are included in Carl Winter's memorial album. Prominent individuals and CPUSA leaders appearing in the photographs include James Jackson, Henry Winston, Benjamin Davis, Ollie Harrington, and Yevgeni Yevtushenko.

Approximately thirty 4 x 5 negatives were separated from the Detroit Police Department Red Squad Files in Series III: Political Activities, and document demonstrations outside the Foley Square Courthouse in New York City on August 15, 1949 during the Smith Act trial of Carl Winter (Dennis vs. United States).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Allison, Hortense -- Jobs Now Rally
Apr 1975-Jun 1975
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Bogota, Columbia [Prints and Negatives]
circa Dec 1971
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Carl Winter Memorial Album
circa 1924-1991
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Carl Winter Memorial Plaque
circa 1991
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Civil Rights Congress Protest
Jun 1950
Box: 10 Folder : 6 CPUSA [Includes Portraits of Leaders]
circa 1930-1939, circa 1980-1989
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Dennis-Allan-Goldman Campaign
circa 1980-1989
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Detroit Police Department Red Squad Files on Carl Winter: Demonstrations, Foley Square, New York City [Negatives]
Aug 15, 1949
Box: 10 Folder : 9 French General Strike [Near Paris]
Jun 4, 1968
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Germany
circa 1970-1979
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Helen Winter -- Smith Act Trial
circa 1953-1954
Box: 10 Folder : 12 Leon Mosely Demonstration -- Detroit News Photos [Prints and Negatives]
Jun 1948
Box: 10 Folder : 13 Mongolia
circa 1966
Box: 10 Folder : 14 Political Activities and Events [General]
circa 1970-1999
Box: 10 Folder : 15 Romania
circa 1966
Box: 10 Folder : 16 Smith Act -- Miscellaneous
1949-circa 1959

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